Assemblage is originally grown in the visual arts to a term with a special meaning, which refers to a type of art: collages with three-dimensional objects, which are mounted on a base plate. This creates works of art with a relief-like surface. And three-dimensional objects can be referred to as a blend. The term has been adopted in other areas by analogy.
In sculpture, especially Auguste Rodin introduced from about 1895, the technique of assemblage as an innovative way of working. The artist put on a reservoir of casts, reductions and enlargements already created works, from which he was able to tap through new combinations of bodies, heads, arms, legs and other sculptural elements new contexts.
Later, but before the art-historical establishment of the concept of working artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, Louise Nevelson, Raoul Hausmann and Elsa von Freytag- Loringhoven with the combination of preformed natural or manufactured materials, objects, or fragments. Is generally known Picasso's use of various found materials ( wood, metal, glass) and objects which he combined into a new whole. Examples include Picasso's bull skull ( Tête de taureau ), 1940 and 1942, a combination of bicycle handlebars and saddle, the absinthe glass or the woman with the stroller. Picasso used the artistic process in 1912 for three-dimensional cubist constructions.
The term assemblage was recorded in the 1950s by Jean Dubuffet to describe one of his groups of works. In 1961, he was then taken over by William C. Seitz, one of the curators of the MoMA exhibition The Art of Assemblage. Due to this strong -received exhibition, the term has entered the art-historical literature.
Artists such as Alberto Burri, Louise Bourgeois, Joseph Cornell, Edward Kienholz, Louise Nevelson, Martial Raysse, Hans Salentin and Kurt Schwitters took this further development of the collage into her work.
Daniel Spoerri developed his case images as assemblages, Robert Rauschenberg assemblage combined with painting to combine paintings, while Christo and Jeanne- Claude further developed the assemblage to the packaging art. The accumulation of the New Realists can be seen as a further development or related phenomenon. Wolf Vostell began in the early 1960s to integrate television into its object images. He created sculptures in which painting, auto parts, televisions, video cameras and monitors were connected.
Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari have constructed a social science theory to the concept. Do you mean by "assemblage" a " contingent ensemble of practices and objects that can be distinguished between those " (that is, they are no accumulations of Gleichartigem ), "the aligned along the axes of territoriality and deterritorialization " can be. Thus, they support the thesis that certain mixtures of technical and administrative practices open up new spaces and make it understandable by decipher milieu and re-encode.