Atoms for Peace Award
The Atoms for Peace Award is a prize that has been awarded to support the development and peaceful use of nuclear energy. The name and the emergence of the price goes back to the on December 8, 1953 held at the United Nations in New York City Atoms for Peace speech of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
In a speech held in Geneva on 20 July 1955, he suggested again international efforts to the peaceful use of nuclear energy and expressed his hope that the private sector itself, inter alia, with a prize for the promotion of the peaceful use of nuclear energy for the general benefit would put humanity [ quote 1]. This idea was taken up by Henry Ford II, Benson Ford and Henry Clay Ford, the one for outstanding contributions to the peaceful use of nuclear energy ( outstanding Contributions to the peaceful application of nuclear energy ) over a period of ten years from the foundation of the Ford Motor Company could ask each $ 100,000.00 available prize money totaling $ 1,000,000.00 in ten parts. An independent non-profit organization was founded as " Atoms for Peace Awards, Inc., A Memorial to Henry Ford and Edsel Ford " for the management and allocation of the prize money. Touting the prize was announced on August 8, 1955 by Admiral Lewis L. Strauss, chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, on the first Geneva Atomic Conference.
The Chair of the award and the planning committee took over James Rhyne Killian, president of MIT, he stood six other members ( trustees ) to the side. At the suggestion of organizations or individuals, the committee chose the winners or the without regard to nationality or political affiliation of the person to be honored. The proposals were not limited to scientists and engineers, but should generally denote those individuals who had made the greatest contribution to the peaceful use of nuclear energy in the opinion of the Awards Committee in the relevant period. If the committee could not agree on one or more winners in a year, the award for that year was suspended and he was additionally in a subsequent year. The award committee was assisted by an advisory committee appointed by him, who already has a pre-selection from among the proposals received one year and then forwarded to the Awards Committee, who was responsible for the ultimate decision.
The price consisted of the - if necessary, split among several winners - amount of money and a personal representative commemorative medal. The first award ceremony took place on 24 October 1957 in the National Academy of Sciences in Washington DC Niels Bohr.
The 22 winners of the prize include:
From the individual awards were made by the Voice of America and of the public Boston radio station WGBH tape recordings, which together with the correspondence of the Awards Committee, the Nomination proposals, organizational documents, speech protocols and press releases to the respective award ceremonies as well as biographical information on the award winners on behalf of the Chairman of the Awards Committee were deposited in the archives of the library of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
"That private business and professional men Throughout the world wants to take interest and to Provide incentive in finding new ways thatthis new science can be used.. . for the benefit of mankind and not destruction. "