Audi TT Coupe (1998-2000)
The Audi TT is a sports car of the Audi AG, which is offered as a coupe and as a roadster.
- 2.1 facelift
- 2.2 Model -based
- 2.3 TTS
- 2.4 TT RS
TT ( 8N, 1998-2006)
The development of the Audi TT began in September 1994 at the Design Center of the California Simi Valley. The relevant sketches and designs come from the hand of the designer Freeman Thomas. The interior design realized Romulus rust. Head of Audi Design Department, Peter Schreyer. The following year, a study of the Audi TT Coupé at the IAA in Frankfurt, was presented to the public. A little later, in the same year the presentation of the TT roadster study at the Tokyo Motor Show, which was named TTS - based on the NSU tradition with the NSU Prinz TTS. The positive response from the visitors and the motor magazine journalists led Audi to the decision to build the study - without major changes. After only three years of development came in the fall of 1998, the coupe with 1.8-liter turbo engine and either 132 or 165 kW (180 or 225 PS ) based on the platform of the VW Golf IV on the market. In the fall of 1999, the former TTS was presented as TT Roadster.
The Audi TT models socialize with their name on the successful tradition of DKW ( Auto Union ) and NSU at the Tourist Trophy on the Isle of Man, a competition for motorcycles, inter alia, the Ewald Kluge 1938 DKW with rotary vane motor and the NSU - driver Werner Haas and Rupert Hollaus 1954 won in their classes. Occasionally, the abbreviation TT is also demonstrated with tradition and technology.
Since 2003, Audi recommends the use of premium-plus - gasoline ( 98 RON ) for all 1.8 - liter engines from 132 kW (180 hp). The formulation, to stock up for the " emergency " regular gasoline with at least RON 91 is no longer included in the operating instructions.
Series of Accidents
Caused a sensation in the first-generation TT after its launch with some accidents where also people were killed. The chassis overtaxed the average driver with an overhead, but dangerously narrow border area where the car suddenly changed in curves of neutral driving behavior to severe oversteer. These incidents were commented on widely in the media. Audi offered each owner to the installation of a stabilizing rear spoiler and an optimized chassis. Retrofitting a stability control ( ESP), from then on as standard, but should not be possible because of the profound installation effort for already sold vehicles. Under pressure from the media, consumer advocates, and not least the Audi customers but relented quickly and also offered the ESP retrofitting against a deductible of 650 DM.
The two-time world rally champion Walter Röhrl described in an interview at the time of the NDR the problem of TT: " I am a lap down, came back, said, ' Not bad, but for normal people too dangerous. If taking away the gas at 200, [ then ] drives the reverse. And that can hold only one in the world who is called Röhrl. ' So I have returned him the car and then these accidents came later. "
Also, there was at the TT Quattro models that were built from 1998 to 2000, problems with the rear wishbones. According to a report in the trade magazine auto motor und sport the storage of the lower arm on the rear axle was stuck due to corrosion and break the wishbone. 15 cases of unusual noises wishbones or fractures have become known; Personal injury did not exist. Audi wrote 15,900 holders of Audi TT and the all-wheel drive variants of A3 and S3 for replacement of joints and wishbone.
* Factory Information
Two years after the launch of the chassis and individual body elements of the Audi TT have been modified. All models received a small rear spoiler and ESP.
From September 2005, the two smallest engine variants were replaced by stronger ones. The benefits increased from 110 to 120 kW ( 150 to 163 hp) and from 132 to 140 kW (180 to 190 hp). The torque has been increased to 225 Nm (previously 210 Nm) and 240 Nm (235 Nm). The prices of basic models remained unchanged.
As of August 2003, the TT was also equipped with a 3.2 -liter VR6 engine, known from the VW Golf R32, and has now offered with a direct shift gearbox (DSG ) are combined. In the TT the six -cylinder to deliver 184 kW (250 hp).
In April 2005, the special edition TT quattro Sport came on the market. In this model version of the 1.8 -liter turbocharged engine produced at a higher boost pressure 176 kW ( 240 hp) - so that was the TT quattro sport is the most powerful TT with turbo engine. The weight distribution is optimized by the battery is housed in such VR6 model in the rear. Furthermore, were saved around 75 kg, for example by dispenses with the rear seats and the front lighter bucket seats were installed. All this ensured that the driving performance were higher than those of the six- cylinder.
The tuner Abt Sportsline in Kempten sat four years in the DTM Audi TTR DTM models. In 2002, Laurent Aiello won the drivers' title. After the work started in 2004, the A4 DTM, the DTM TTR superseded.
TT ( 8J, 2006-2014 )
Audi TT Coupe (2006-2010)
The sequel to the original vehicle, the Audi TT Coupe, was presented on April 8, 2006.
It was a completely newly developed vehicle on the platform of the 2003 Audi A3 presented, based on which also Volkswagen Golf V and Touran cars had been developed. Accordingly, numerous technical innovations have been introduced: The new TT was the first time the adaptive damping system Audi magnetic ride offered optionally. Furthermore, it was a development of the ASF (Audi Space Frame ) used in the new TT, a combination of aluminum and steel, which made the vehicle lighter with simultaneous increase in stability.
For the launch of the 2.0 - liter turbocharged engine ( four-cylinder ) with 147 kW (200 hp) and the 3.2 -liter V6 with 184 were kW (250 hp ) available. Both were with the dual-clutch S tronic (formerly DSG) combined. As an entry-level engine of the newly developed 1.8-liter TFSI engine with 118 kW was presented ( 160 hp ) in spring 2008, and at the same time presents a 2.0 - liter diesel engine with 125 kW ( 170 hp).
The TT Roadster was delivered in March 2007.
Audi TT Roadster (2007-2010)
At the AMI 2010, the facelift version of the TT was introduced, which is sold since the end of May 2010.
Externally, the TT was on the front and rear end slightly changed, the headlights have been redesigned, and there are new paints available. The interior also shows only small changes, such as applications and new interior colors.
Motor Technically, there are several changes. The 3.2 VR6 dropped from the program and the 147 kW 2.0 TFSI has been replaced by the equally equipped with two -liter displacement and 155 kW motor ( CDNC ) from the VW Golf VI GTI, the Audi A4/A5 as with variable valve timing endowed, which gives 70 Nm more torque over the engine in the Golf GTI.
Audi TT Roadster (2010-2014)
Interior of the Roadster
Technically based the first-generation Audi TT like the VW Golf IV and the Audi A3 8L on the VW platform PQ34, the rear beam axle of the Golf models has been replaced with the quattro models against a single wheel suspension with longitudinal and transverse links.
For the second generation of the Audi TT, the known from the Golf V and Audi A3 8P technology ( VW PQ35 platform ) is used. However, it was heavily modified, inter alia, because of the much larger wheels. The front axle has largely newly developed MacPherson struts with offset pivot bearings, the rear axle is a four-link design. To a weight distribution of 58: to reach 42, the Audi Space Frame ( ASF) is made up of two thirds of aluminum. Another novel aspect is the Audi magnetic ride, a special magneto- rheological shock absorber oil, which allows dynamic adjustment of the damping characteristics to the current driving situation. The adaptation is controlled by an external magnetic field can be influenced, so that the oil is provided with metal particles in the shock absorbers changes its viscosity and thus the hardness thereof.
Like the A3, the Quattro all-wheel drive of the TT not the typical for Audi Torsen differential, but was taken over by the VW Golf 4Motion with Haldex clutch.
The TTS is the sports version of the Audi TT and a throwback to the NSU TTS; He was introduced in the second quarter of 2008. As a motor, the 2-liter TFSI engine with 200 kW ( 272 hp ) is used. According to factory specifications the vehicle from 0 requires at 100 km / h 5.2 s ( coupe ) and 5.3 seconds ( Roadster ). The entire intake system, the exhaust system and the turbocharger have been revised and optimized so or enlarged in cross section. Comes standard Magnetic Ride a sports suspension used. The attachments have been revised total. Front spoiler, rear diffuser and side skirts are specially designed for the TTS. As usual with the S models, the TTS has aluminum colored mirror caps. The dual-branch exhaust system with four oval tailpipes. An exhaust flap is used to comply with the statutory guidelines regarding the volume in town. The ESP can be adjusted in two stages, the power will not turn off completely. The headlights were redrawn and included an LED daytime running lights, which consists of twelve LEDs. In addition to a six-speed manual gearbox, the automated dual-clutch S tronic is available for a surcharge. In addition, the TTS has significantly larger discs than the less powerful models to counteract despite the higher engine power a decrease in braking power ( fading effect ) through prolonged stress.
The TT RS is the fastest and most powerful sports version of the Audi TT; He was introduced in the first quarter of 2009.
It is powered by a heavily modified from the U.S. model of the VW Jetta taken in-line five cylinder, which makes 2.5 -liter TFSI 250 kW ( 340 hp). High-strength compacted graphite iron for the crankcase, pistons made of cast aluminum, forged connecting rods, sodium-filled exhaust valves to in both directions of 42 degrees hydraulically adjustable camshaft with two-stage chain drive, TFSI - injection engines and steel tie rods passing through the ( derived from the V10 engine in the R8) cylinder head and the crankcase are bolted through help in connection with the unusually large-sized turbocharger to the engine at a relatively low weight and a maximum torque of 450 Nm, which is available throughout the speed range between 1600 and 5300/min.
The car accelerates with a manual 6 - speed transmission from 0 to 100 km / h in 4.6 seconds ( coupe ) and 4.7 seconds ( Roadster ) and reaches 200 km / h in 15.9 s ( coupé) and 16.9 s ( roadster ). Since September 2010, in addition to manual 6 -speed manual transmission and an S tronic 7- speed dual- clutch transmission is available. With this, the TT RS accelerates through optimized switching times without interruption of tractive force from 0 to 100 km / h in 4.3 seconds ( coupe ) and 4.4 seconds ( Roadster ).
Externally, the TT RS stands out from the other variants of the series by a radiator grille with black shiny diamond lattice and bumper with enlarged air inlets the front, a high- performance brake system with 370 mm composite disks in the front and in the rear by an diffuser insert and a fixed rear wing from. The exhaust system is a double-flow and with two large oval tailpipes. In addition, the exhaust systems are provided with switching valves. By means of the Sport button on the center console can be changed and set the characteristics of the exhaust system.
About the driver information system, additional data on boost pressure, oil temperature and lap time is available; on request bucket seats available. With a "Sport " button, the response can be increased to the gas pedal.
The top speed of the TT RS comes standard electronically limited 250 km / h, but can be limited factory surcharge to 280 km / h. The force is transmitted via the permanent all-wheel drive quattro.
TT (Third Generation, 8S, 2014 )
Audi TT Coupe (2014)
On 3 March 2014, the third generation Audi TT was first introduced as a coupé at the Geneva Motor Show. At launch in the fall there will be a 2.0 TDI with 135 kW (184 hp) and two 2.0 TFSI engines with 169 ( 230 hp ) and in the TTS with 228 kW (310 hp). The diesel engine is the first time also available with front-wheel drive, all-wheel drive quattro is available for the two weaker engines as an option. The design of the vehicle based on some details of the first generation. Examples of this are the special fuel filler caps and exhaust system with two central circular tailpipes. The virtual cockpit interior called the third TT was presented in January 2014 at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
The exterior of the vehicle has not changed fundamentally, the circular curvature of the roof remained. Some elements like the headlights and the grille were designed wider angular. At the rear, the third brake light below the rear spoiler extendable across the entire width of the rear hatch between the rear lights has been integrated. The vehicle is based on the modular transverse matrix, the the Audi A3 8V uses. The dimensions of the TT have changed only slightly, sometimes even reduced. The weight was reduced by about 50 kilograms compared to its predecessor through various measures. As standard, the TT comes with Xenon headlights, surcharge, there are LED headlamps or matrix LED headlights. The latter have twelve individual LEDs that produce the high beam and infinitely Hide oncoming traffic. The rear lights are always executed in LED technology and have the first time a daytime running light circuit. Also, there is in connection with one of the two LED systems a dynamic indicator which " wipes " in the turning direction.
Innovations in the interior mainly concern the infotainment system. So there is no classical Radio-/Navigationsdisplay in the center console anymore but a 12.3 -inch display is located instead of the instrument cluster. It allows two different views, the normal layout, with tachometer and speedometer or a view with small round dials and a large area for multimedia settings or the navigation map. At TTS, there is a third view with large central tachometer. The system is operated either via the multifunction steering wheel, on the new MMI knob on the center console or the revised voice control. The latter now recognizes freely spoken sentences without concrete specification. Optionally, the MMI knob on a touchpad with handwriting recognition.
The operation of the air conditioner is a space -saving manner in the three central, round air vents. The automatic climate control modes and temperatures are shown in small displays. The TT also has sports seats with integral head restraints or as an option on S sports seats with pneumatically adjustable side bolsters. The trunk of the coupe has been increased by 13 liters to 305 liters, the rear seat backs can be folded down shared.
Below mentioned extras are available for the first time compared to its predecessor:
- Aluminum wheels to 20 -inch
- Convenience key
- LTE Internet access
- Wi-Fi hotspot
- Audi phone box with external antenna connection for mobile phones
- Sound system from Bang & Olufsen
New TT is the drive select system can be affected, for example, between sporty, comfortable and efficient with the various vehicle settings. It affects the acceptance accelerator, steering, air conditioning, the magnetic ride suspension, the S tronic and the engine sound. For the first time the all-wheel drive quattro is changed by the drive select, more tail-heavy, or even temporarily shut down depending on driving conditions, so only front wheel drive. Other technical innovations in the TT are the electromechanical parking brake and the two-stage switchable ESC. The electromechanical power steering system now allows the integration not previously possible assistance systems such as the park assist and active lane assist. In addition, there is a traffic sign recognition, an adaptive cruise control and a Blind Spot Assist.
Interior with virtual cockpit
Of TT ( low beam ) matrix LED headlights
The Audi TT is manufactured in Hungary Győr Audi factory in Ingolstadt and, being produced in Ingolstadt, the body and painted and the entire Audi TT is mounted in Győr.
Transport Ready Audi TT in Győr