August Grisebach

Heinrich Rudolf Grisebach August ( born April 17, 1814 Hannover, † May 9, 1879 in Göttingen ) was a German botanist and university professor. He is regarded as the founder of plant geography as a scientific discipline. Its official botanical author abbreviation is " Griseb. ".

Grisebach studied from 1832 medicine and botany at the University of Göttingen, 1834 at the University of Berlin, where he received his doctorate in 1836 for Dr. med. From 1837 he was a lecturer for botany, in 1841 associate professor of general natural history at the University of Göttingen. In 1847 he became a full professor and director of the botanical garden.

Between 1839 and 1850 undertook Grisebach several research trips through Europe. In 1838 he published the fundamental paper "On the influence of climate on the boundary of the natural flora ". It says later became famous sentence: " I ​​want a group of plants that bears a closed physiognomic character, like a meadow, a forest, and the like, call a phytogeographical formation". His classic book "Vegetation of the earth after their climatic arrangement " (1st edition 1872, 2nd edition 1884) provides a first global overview of vegetation cover with a vegetation map dar.

Grisebach was 1874 corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin, among others since April 16.

His sons were the architect Hans Grisebach and the writer Eduard Grisebach, his grandson, the art historian August Grisebach.


  • .. Journey through Rumelia and after Brusa in 1839 Göttingen 1841 ( digitized from the holdings of the Institute of Eastern and Southeastern Europe Research: Part 1, Part 2)