August Schumann

Friedrich August Gottlob Schumann ( born March 2, 1773 in Endschütz; † August 10, 1826 in Zwickau ) was a German publisher and bookseller, and the father of Robert Schumann.

Youth and the first years of employment

Schumann was the eldest son of a preacher from a Thuringian landowner family. At the age of August Schumann was added at a merchant in the Thuringian Ronneburg into teaching. At age 19, he returned to the family home and for some years employed exclusively with reading and writing. During this time, a spectacle was created under the title The Thalheim family. Some years he worked as a clerk in 1792 and enrolled at the University of Leipzig to pursue humanistic studies. His living he earned with writing.

A novel manuscript under the title of knight and monk fairy tale scenes he sent to the publisher GH Heinse in Zeitz, who offered him a job as an accountant in his bookstore. In Zeitz Schumann Johanna learned Christiane Schnabel (1767-1836) know, a great-niece of the poet Lessing. Their father, the respected Ratschirurgus Abraham Gottlob beak, made ​​the marriage of his daughter with a " writer ends booksellers " dependent on the future son-in is required to act at least as a self- employed businessman.

1795 opened Schumann therefore itself a material shop in Ronneburg, in which he invested 1000 dollars, the profit from his writing over the past year and a half. In the same year Schumann Johanna Christiane Schnabel was allowed to marry, which brought six children, including the youngest of the siblings, Robert Schumann 1810.

His extensive collection of books taught Schumann as a public lending library and continued his literary work continued. The first, founded in 1799 publisher offered almost exclusively works from his pen. 1808 joined his brother Friedrich Schumann in the business, and the bookstore moved to Zwickau.

Publishers in Zwickau

The publisher Gebrüder Schumann in Zwickau issued a pocket library of foreign classics in new Verdeutschungen who brought it to over 250 volumes. The acclaimed translations of the English works of Walter Scott and Lord Byron were, for example, worried by Elise of Hohenhausen. At the same time the works of the English, French, Italian, Spanish classics each appeared in the original language (Pocket edition, Bibliothèque poratble, Bibliotheca portatile or Bibliotheca portátil ). The rows could be purchased on a subscription.

" The Aeussere this cute, especially on trips and walks certainly any friends of literature especially welcome spending is so cute and petite that it leaves nothing to be desired, in fact, left " judged a reviewer of Jenaische general Literatur-Zeitung: "Pressure and paper are equally beautiful and clean and the frontispiece, although not consistently, but far the greater part after, advised in drawing and engraving well, and so pleasant addition, as they contain the portraits of sämmtlichen writers whose biography and general characteristics at the same time, in a very expedient and drawn from the best sources overview, is added everywhere. "

Since 1800, he gave under the title The industrious Germany out a merchants and manufacturers address. Later founded August Schumann, the Provincial Journal The Erzgebirge messenger (1807-1812) and the reminder sheets for educated readers of all classes ( 1813-1826 ). The publication of a portrait collection of " excellent princes, statesmen and military " became another economic mainstay.

From the contemporary German literature moved Schumann, among others, the works of citizens, Klopstock and Musaeus. The most famous publishing work was the 18 -volume Complete state, postal and newspaper Encyclopedia of Saxony, whose publication was continued and completed after his death by Albert Schiffner.

Last years of life

August Schumann is the father of the composer Robert Schumann (1810-1856), who came as the last of his five children to the world and he wanted to be trained by Carl Maria von Weber. But before it could come to an agreement, both of whom died, Weber and August Schumann, in the summer in 1826.

An older brother, Robert, Edward Schumann, continued the company and sold the pocket editions finally 1837 the bookseller JG Lindemann in Zwickau. The Verlagsbuchhandlung Schumann was until 1840.


  • Compendiöses Manual for merchants or encyclopaedic survey all knowledge worthy in the field of action. Gräff, Leipzig from 1795 to 1796.
  • Full state, postal and newspaper Encyclopedia of Saxony, containing a correct and detailed geographical, topographical and historical account of all the cities, towns, villages, castles, farms, mountains, forests, lakes, rivers etc. gesammter royally. and Fürstl. Saxon countryside with inclusion of the principality of Schwarzburg, of Erfurt 's territory, just as the Reuss and the Beautiful Freiburgische possessions. Schumann, Zwickau 1814-1833, 13 volumes and 5 supplementary volumes.