Augustus Le Plongeon

Augustus Le Plongeon ( born May 4, 1825 Jersey, † December 13, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York ) was a photographer and amateur archaeologist.

Center of his research were the Maya, especially the ruined city of Chichen Itza, in which he undertook the first systematic excavations and archaeological pioneered. The case excavated sculpture of a semi-recumbent figure he interpreted as a person in his hypothetical reconstruction of the history of the Maya Chac Mool and named it as ( pronounce with English vowel values ​​as Chac Mul, it fell into obscurity since then ). As a strict diffusionist he tried to prove that the Maya (or their " missionaries ", the Le Plongeon called the Naacal ) had on the way over South Asia and Atlantis created the cultures of Ancient Egypt. His eccentric and fantastic theories were not taken seriously even in his time, however, his early photographs be regarded as major source. His wife Alice (1851-1910) represented in lectures and publications her husband's ideas.


  • Augustus Le Plongeon: Queen Moo and the Egyptian sphinx. . New York, 1896 reprint: Steiner Publ, Blauvelt, NY 1973 ISBN 0-8334-1729-0
  • Augustus Le Plongeon: The origin of the Egyptians. Introduction: Manly P. Hall. Philosophical Research Society, Los Angeles, 1983. ISBN 0-89314-418-5
  • Augustus Le Plongeon: Sacred mysteries among the Mayas and the Quiches, 11,500 years ago. Their relation to the sacred mysteries of Egypt, Greece, Chaldea and India. Free Masonry in times anterior to the temple of Solomon. R. Macoy, New York, 1886 edition. Wizards Bookshelf, Minneapolis 1973
  • Auguste Le Plongeon: Vestiges of the Mayas, or, Facts tending to prove did communications and intimate relations must have Existed, in very remote times, in between the Inhabitants of Mayab and Those of Asia and Africa. J. Polhemus, New York, 1881.