Austrian Institute of Technology
The AIT Austrian Institute of Technology (abbreviated: AIT) is the largest non-university research institution in Austria. It operates several locations throughout Austria.
In 1956, the Austrian Research Association for Atomic Ges m was. b. H. ( SGAE ) founded in Vienna. The aim of the SGAE was Austria to prepare for its entry into the nuclear age. For this research has been in the field of nuclear energy and reactor technology in international cooperation in Seibersdorf.
1958 bought this company a 110 acre site in Seibersdorf ( south-east of Vienna ) after purchase negotiations in Götzdorf and in the space between Maria Ellend and Regelsbrunn had failed. The Reactor Center Seibersdorf was built in 1958-1960 on the site. The main research instrument was the Adapted swimming pool -type reactor Austria ( ASTRA ), the first research reactor in Austria. In addition to institutes for electronics, physics, chemistry, metallurgy and radiation protection and an interim storage of low -level radioactive waste was built.
Especially in the development of high -temperature reactors could in Seibersdorf successes achieved werden.Für the center were two stages provided: In a first step the ASTRA reactor should be expanded to a material test reactor with 15 MW capacity. In a further step, a prototype of a nuclear power plant should be built. For financial reasons, however, never came to an extension.
Since the nuclear energy was not, as in the 1950s, to lead technology developed, but the oil major energy source was needed to be diversified in the Reactor Center Seibersdorf research. After the nuclear phase Austria ( Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act 1978) the original task was invalid, it was just research reactor operated. This shift away from a focus on nuclear energy was also born in the change of name in Seibersdorf account. The nuclear reactor was shut down in 2004.
The SGAE saw committed from the start of application-oriented contract research. This research approach was an important differentiator for basic research and university research there. This approach should result in income from contract research fund the maintenance of the research center, which did not succeed. So still there is the Republic of Austria on for most of the costs.
2006, the Board was re- occupied in part and the division into a holding reversed, in which the former subsidiaries were reunited in a GmbH. The official company name was then on Austrian Research Centers GmbH - ARC changed.
On 15 June 2009, the former Austrian Research Centers were renamed Austrian Institute of Technology. Today, the Austrian Institute of Technology is Austria's largest non -university research institute, and worked at several locations.
The owners are 50.46 %, the Republic of Austria ( German Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology) and the Industrial Association Austria (Association for the promotion of research and innovation) with 49.54 %.
Chairman is the former Finance Minister Hannes Androsch.
Departments, locations and investments
The AIT is divided today into five departments ( divisions ):
- Energy ( energy technologies)
- Mobility (mobility)
- Safety & Security ( Security Research )
- Health & Environment ( health and environmental technologies)
- Innovation system ( Innovation Systems)
There are also the management and the Corporate and Marketing Communications for the operation of the services.
The main company has three subsidiaries, two of them with its own brand identity:
- Seibersdorf Labor GmbH - Laboratory services and training in specific areas of physics and chemistry
- Nuclear Engineering Seibersdorf GmbH (NES ) - treated and temporarily stored radioactive waste from Austria
The LKR light Ranshofen GmbH ( Light Metal Technologies) is a division of AIT Mobility Department. In addition, the AIT is about the COMET K1 Center CEST - Centre of Excellence in Electrochemical Surface Technology and Materials in Wiener Neustadt involved (33%)
Locations of AIT are:
- Vienna: at Tech Gate Vienna, at the TECHbase Vienna, BOKU ( Muthgasse )
- Seibersdorf: Research - Under the original task is operated dosimetry for Austria, as well as several other laboratories for specialized topics ( Seibersdorf laboratory ). For training in radiation protection, radiation protection Academy exists. Also, here is the Austria -wide interim storage of radioactive waste ( Nuclear Engineering Seibersdorf )
- Wiener Neustadt: the Technology and Research
- Ranshofen ( Light Metal Competence Centre)
- Hall in Tirol: the Eduard- Wallnoefer Center
- Leoben: the Technology Transfer Centre
- Graz: the pulse center of Graz - West
- Klagenfurt: the Lakeside Science & Technology Park
- Tulln: Technopol / UFZ Tulln ( construction project AIT)