Auxerre [ osɛʀ ] (Latin: Autissiodorum or Autessiodorum ) is the capital ( chef-lieu ) of the department of Yonne, in Burgundy, France. The city has 35 534 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011). From the area around Auxerre Auxerrois grape variety originated.
Auxerre is in Yonne. The area of Auxerre is 49.95 km ². The Nivernais Canal flows into the River Yonne. Near the Mont Autric is.
Historically, the city was founded as a Roman fort under the name oppidum Autessiodorum. A consecration inscription for Icauna, the river goddess of the Yonne, was found here in the 18th century, but is now considered lost. The Via Agrippa also handed approach to the settlement. In the 5th century, the city experienced through the work of Bishop Germanus of Auxerre and commander's first economic and religious heyday. In the Middle Ages Auxerre was in merowingischem Estate and late - in 1223 - Auxerre received city rights. Due to the political situation in the border area between French and Burgundian kingdom, the possibility of development of the city for a long time has been significantly reduced. In August 1944, Auxerre was liberated by the troops of General Leclerc. 1972 united the city with the community Vaux.
Development of the Population:
See also: List of Monuments historiques in Auxerre
- Cathedral Saint- Étienne: 1215 started, built in several phases, the main work of the Burgundian Gothic
- Saint- Germain d' Auxerre: the Abbey of Saint -Germain d' Auxerre is in the north of the city center of Auxerre
- Saint- Amatre: late antique crypt
- Saint -Clément: Romanesque chapel in the core
- Saint- Eusèbe: 12th - 16th century
- Saint -Martin- lès -Saint- Mary: 16th Century
- Saint- Pélerin: 16th century to the earliest Christian place of worship in Auxerre
- Saint -Père -en- Vallée: 16-17. century
- Marina: In Auxerre, Nivernais Canal empties into the Yonne river and there is a large marina on the river.
- The city is home of the football club AJ Auxerre.
- Germanus of Auxerre ( 378-448 ), troop commander and Bishop
- Abbo of Auxerre († 860), bishop and saint
- Heiricus of Auxerre ( 841-875 ), Theologian of the Benedictine Order
- Jacques- Germain Soufflot (1713-1780), architect
- Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830), mathematician and physicist
- Edme Charles Philippe Lepère (1823-1885), statesman
- Victor Chéri (1830-1882), composer and conductor
- Paul Bert (1833-1886), physiologist and politician
- Marie Noël (1883-1967), poet and writer
- Marcel Petiot (1897-1946), physician and serial killer
- Jacques Berthier (1923-1994), organist and composer
- Jean -Paul Rappeneau ( born 1932 ), director and screenwriter
- Jean -Pierre Soisson (* 1934), politician of the Left