Auxerrois blanc

Auxerrois is a white grape variety. The name is probably derived from the French county of Auxerre, from their environment they came from. The Auxerrois grape belongs to the group of Burgundy and is a natural cross between Pinot and Gouais Blanc ( White Heunisch ). Auxerrois is a variety of the noble vine (Vitis vinifera ). It has hermaphrodite flowers and is thus self- fruiting. When the wine-growing economic disadvantage is avoided, no return delivered to have male plants grow.

The global distribution of the species is likely to over 2550 hectares under vine are (as of 1999).

The wine from this grape maifrostempfindlichen reminiscent of white Burgundy, but with less acid, usually less than 7 per thousand. The requirements for the position are medium to high.

In France, clones 56 and 57 are approved for the production of quality wines.


The distribution of the variety associated with the expulsion of the Huguenots from France. The displaced winemakers took the vine and planted them in their new homes. They are found today on the Luxembourg - German Mosel and Alsace region of France. In France, in 2007 a ​​total of 2,330 ha planted with Auxerrois (Source ONIVINS, ). In Luxembourg Auxerrois with 183.9 ha is also one of the popular varieties (as of 2008, source :). Small stocks are also known in Switzerland. ( 2.9 acres, as of 2007, source: Office fédéral de l'agriculture OFAG )


In Germany it is often planted at the Saarland Obermosel in the wine varieties Nennig, Perl, Oberperl and Sehndorf and in Palzem and Nittel ( Rhineland -Palatinate). In the Palatinate ( 2007 = 55 ha) we find the variety and Others in silence law stream. In Baden, the variety is (2008 = 26 ha) cultivated mainly in the Kraichgau; the entire area in this wine-growing region in 2008 was 63 ha in Germany were planted in 2007 177 hectares with the grape variety Auxerrois year. In 2006 167 hectares were planted after only 77 hectares were collected in 1999.

Source: Statistics of vineyards from 15 March 2013, Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden 2013 in bestockte With wine grape vines in 2012, By selected grape varieties and growing areas in hectares, page 16ff.


Due to genetic studies of 352 varieties turned out that the varieties Aligoté, Aubin Vert, Auxerrois, Bachet noir, Beaunoir, Chardonnay, Dameron Franc Noir de la Haute Saône (or even short Dameron ), Gamay Blanc Gloriod, Gamay, Knipperlé, Melon de Bourgogne, Peurion, Romorantin, Roublot and Sacy all originated from spontaneous crosses between Pinot Blanc and Gouais. Since the genetic differences between Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris and Pinot Noir are extremely low, there is a precise specification of the Pinot - type not yet available.

The success of these spontaneous crossing is explained that the two parent varieties are fundamentally different, genetically speaking. While the varieties of Pinot family believed to originate from Burgundy, the Gouais Blanc was brought by the Romans to France. In the Rebgärten of Burgundy and the southern Champagne both varieties were for some centuries in the Joint sentence.


The varietal Auxerrois is also known under the name Aucerot, Aukseroa blan, Auxerrois blanc, Auxerrois blanc de Laquenexy, Auxerrois de Laquenexy, Auxerrois Gris, Auxois, Auzerrois blanc, blanc de Kienzheim, Ericey de la montée, Ochserohr ( jokingly in Baden ), Okseroa, Pinot Auxerrois and White Auxerrois known. In south-west France Cahors wine-growing region is also the red (! ) Denotes Malbec as Auxerrois.

Ethnicity: Pinot Blanc x Gouais