Avetis Aharonian

Avedis Aharonian (also Avetis or Avetis, Armenian Աւետիս Ահարոնեան; born January 4, 1866 in Iğdırmawa, Yerevan Province, then Russian Empire, now Turkey, † March 20, 1948 in Marseille, after otherwise specified in Paris) was an Armenian politician, revolutionary and writer.


Aharonian spent his childhood in the heart of Armenia, landscaping is dominated by Mount Ararat and the Aras River. His father was a blacksmith. His mother brought him Zadar early in reading and writing. After primary schooling in Iğdır Aharonian attended until 1886 the Kevorkian Jemaran school in Echmiadzin. From 1888-92 he was a teacher in Iğdır and Nor Bayazet.

From 1898 he studied at the University of Lausanne, history and philosophy, undertook a journey through Italy, then continued his studies with a focus on literature at the Sorbonne in Paris. After Christapor Mikaelian, one of the founders of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation met, he began to write for the magazine Troshag. In 1902 he returned to the Caucasus, was rector of the Nerssianschule in Tbilisi and editor of the journal Murc. From 1905 he also wrote for the magazine Aradz. In 1907, he was with an Armenian delegation in The Hague.

1909 Aharonian was imprisoned by the tsarist regime and detained for two years in the prisons of Tbilisi- Metechi, Baku, Rostov and Novocherkassk. Ransomed through bribery, he fled to Europe. In 1917 he returned again to the Caucasus, where he became in 1918 the first president of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Armenia and on June 4, 1918, signed the contract of Batumi. On 10 August 1920 he signed as a leader of the Armenian delegation with Boghos Nubar the Treaty of Sèvres. After the annexation of Armenia by the Soviet Union and its integration into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic Aharonian fled one last time to Europe. During a public debate he suffered a stroke in February 1934. After that he could neither speak nor write. Until his death in 1948 he lived in France.

Literary work

Aharonian left about 30 works: short stories, novels, poems, plays, but also non-fiction. In it, he describes the plight of its people under Turkish and Russian rule. His work is marked by patriotism and love of freedom and enriched with real-life portrayals of nature. We might mention Italiayowm, Azatow'tean Canaparh, Andownde, Zolovcow erkeri and Daravor Kaghnin. German translations of Aharonians works are not to be found. In French before are:

  • Les Anciennes croyances arméniennes, Parenthèses 1980, ISBN 2-86364-008-9
  • Sur le chemin de la liberté ( short stories ), Parenthèses 1978, ISBN 2-86364-004-6
  • Tableau approximatif of réparations indemnités et pour les dommages subis par la nation arménienne en Turquie et de Arménie dans la République arménienne you Caucase, Dupont, Paris 1919

Pictures of Avetis Aharonian