Avianca S. A. is the largest Colombian airline based in Bogotá and based on the Bogota airport. It is the second oldest existing airline in the world and a member of the airline alliance Star Alliance and since 2010 part of the holding company AviancaTaca by KLM.
- 3.1 Current Fleet
- 3.2 Historic Fleet
First years as SCADTA
Avianca was on 5 December 1919 as Sociedad Colombo Alemana de Transporte Aéreo (literally: Colombian - German Society for air transport) - SCADTA by Werner Krämer, Stuart Hosie, Alberto Tietjen, Ernesto Cortizzos ( first president of the society ), Rafael Palacio, Jacobo Correra and Aristides Noguera founded in Barranquilla. On its first flight on 19 October 1920 - with the German pilots Helmuth von Krohn - promoted the SCADTA with a Junkers F 13 57 letters from Barranquilla to Puerto Colombia. The machine was the other 9 F 13 is equipped with swimming as runners. Shortly thereafter, it was possible to obtain a license from the Colombian government for the transportation of air mail. 1924 SCADTA had recorded the first crash, among others died from Krohn and Ernesto Cortizzos.
After the outbreak of the Second World War, the owners were forced to sell the company to the Pan American World Airlines.
Development in the 1940s to 1990s
On 14 June 1940, the merger with the Servicio Aéreo Colombiano ( SACO ) and renamed Aerovias Nacionales de Colombia SA, known as Avianca done. Then Avianca bought many small regional airlines. The Douglas DC used since October 1939 3 Advanced Avianca its route network from 1946 to international destinations, such as Quito, Lima, Panama City, New York, and finally with Douglas DC 4 and C -54 to Europe.
In 1960, the first two aircraft of type Boeing 707 and Boeing 720 were purchased. In 1976, the first Boeing 747 Avianca was the first South African operator of the type. 1990 saw the then most advanced machine in the world, a Boeing 767 -200ER.
1994 was concluded with the Association of Avianca, the regional carrier SAM and the helicopter operator Helicol a strategic alliance called Avianca system. The company expanded its range of freight and mail flights ( Avianca Cargo) and made the fleet with new aircraft such as the Boeing 757 and 767 and Fokker 50 and Bell helicopters to the modern South America. The route network was expanded nationally and internationally.
After September 11, 2001, the aviation crisis also reached Avianca. This led on 20 May 2002 on the merger of Avianca, SAM and the main competitor to the ACES Alianza Summa. The adverse circumstances of the market and the shareholders forced the dissolution of the Alianza Summa in November 2003. Interest only existed at the Avianca trademark. The led to the dissolution of ACES and the full integration of SAM as a pure regional airline Avianca.
Restructuring than Aerovias del Continente Americano SA
On 10 December 2004 one of the largest reorganization processes began in the history of Avianca. The company was placed under creditor protection under Chapter 11, after a reorganization plan was created with the help of the Brazilian consortium OceanAir / Synergy Group and the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia. Avianca received new capital and could leave 13 months later, the protection of creditors again.
Today as a New Avianca ( Aerovias del Continente Americano ) flying airline is the successor of the old Avianca ( Aerovias Nacionales de Colombia ). Avianca is now part of a Brazilian group of investors, the Synergy Group, but flies to the same national and international targets. As of 2007, Avianca was the largest airline in Latin America, as they (now Avianca Brazil) from Brazil, AeroGal Aero VIP from Ecuador and Wayraperú took over from Perú OceanAir. 2010 also joined with Avianca Taca International Airlines from El Salvador to AviancaTaca Holding together.
Avianca is now 100 % owned by the South African conglomerate Synergy Group and its subcontractors Synergy Aerospace Corp.. and is next to Avianca itself:
- Helicol is a helicopter operator based at El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá.
- Avianca Brazil ( previously Ocean Air ) headquartered at Santos Dumont Airport, Rio de Janeiro.
- Tampa Cargo, a Colombian cargo airline based in Medellin.
- VIP Ecuador, based at Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito.
- AeroGal based at Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito.
On 11 November 2010 it was announced that Avianca will join by 2012 the international airline alliance Star Alliance. The end of 2011 the last Fokker 100 were retired and replaced by the Airbus A320 family.
Joining the Star Alliance on 21 June 2012.
2013, a new corporate design including a new brand logo and a new paint job accordingly the fleet was introduced, which only includes red and white. The new paint is also used for the airlines Avianca TACA Ecuador and its subsidiaries, which a uniform color scheme for the airline consolidated under the AviancaTaca Holding is to be built.
Aviancas route network comprises 21 destinations within Colombia and 21 international destinations in 14 countries. Aviancas hub is Bogotá, from where start the majority of international flights. In Europe, Madrid and Barcelona, Bogotá will be flown with the Airbus A330- 200. The end of 2014 is to be added with the introduction of the Boeing 787 also London and Frankfurt.
As of December 2013, the fleet of 81 aircraft consists of Avianca with a mean age of 6.3 years:
Previously flew among others, the Company also
- Boeing 247
- Boeing 707
- Boeing 720
- Boeing 727
- Boeing 737
- Boeing 747
- Boeing 757
- Boeing 767
- Consolidated Catalina
- Curtiss C-46 Commando
- Douglas DC-2/C-39
- Douglas DC-3/C-47
- Douglas DC-4
- Fokker 100
- Hawker Siddeley HS 748
- Lockheed L -749 Constellation
- Lockheed L- 1049 Super Constellation
- McDonnell Douglas MD -80
Avianca suffered since 1973 twelve aircraft losses and 545 fatalities. The last aircraft was lost on 9 March 1991.
- On November 27, 1983, a Boeing 747 Avianca crashed near Madrid-Barajas airport. 181 people died, 11 were rescued.
- On January 25, 1990, a Boeing 707-321 crashed on Avianca Flight 52 in the vicinity of New York City as a result of fuel shortages on after the engine of the air traffic control had been directed to wait on hold due to bad weather over an hour. 73 people died.