Aymaran languages

The Aru languages ​​- even Jaqaru, Jaqi or Aymara languages ​​( Jaqi " man," Aru "language" ) - are a family of languages ​​in the South American Andes, which today consists of only two or three languages ​​( Campbell 1997, Adelaar 2004 ). The Aymara, with over two million speakers of the most widely spoken indigenous languages ​​of the Americas.


  • Aru ( Jaqi, Aymara ) Aymara: 2.2 million speakers in Bolivia and Peru on Lake Titicaca, Puno department, in northern Chile
  • Jaqaru, in Peru in the department of Lima, province of Yauyos, districts Tupe and Catahuasi Jaqaru ( Haqaru, Aru ): 700 speakers in Aisa and Colca
  • Kawki ( cauqui ): almost † ( 6 speakers, not an everyday use more Heggarty 2005), in Cachuy, Canchán, Caipán and Chavín

Kawki is so far poorly documented; its position as a language or dialect is still controversial. A comparative study of Jaqaru and Kawki is in preparation.

Due to the large common vocabulary with the Quechua (or the Quechua language family ), the Aru and Quechua languages ​​were asked by some researchers in a common language family Quechumaran. Recent studies indicate, however, that the common vocabulary is due to mutual borrowings due to the long-term areal contact.