The Aru languages - even Jaqaru, Jaqi or Aymara languages ( Jaqi " man," Aru "language" ) - are a family of languages in the South American Andes, which today consists of only two or three languages ( Campbell 1997, Adelaar 2004 ). The Aymara, with over two million speakers of the most widely spoken indigenous languages of the Americas.
- Aru ( Jaqi, Aymara ) Aymara: 2.2 million speakers in Bolivia and Peru on Lake Titicaca, Puno department, in northern Chile
- Jaqaru, in Peru in the department of Lima, province of Yauyos, districts Tupe and Catahuasi Jaqaru ( Haqaru, Aru ): 700 speakers in Aisa and Colca
- Kawki ( cauqui ): almost † ( 6 speakers, not an everyday use more Heggarty 2005), in Cachuy, Canchán, Caipán and Chavín
Kawki is so far poorly documented; its position as a language or dialect is still controversial. A comparative study of Jaqaru and Kawki is in preparation.
Due to the large common vocabulary with the Quechua (or the Quechua language family ), the Aru and Quechua languages were asked by some researchers in a common language family Quechumaran. Recent studies indicate, however, that the common vocabulary is due to mutual borrowings due to the long-term areal contact.