Azcapotzalcos ( Nahuatl for " anthill " ) ( [ / a ː skapotsaɬko / ] ) is one of 16 administrative districts of the Federal District, the capital district of Mexico.

Azcapotzalcos is located in the northwest of Mexico City. Until it was incorporated by the progressive expansion of the urban area, the place was a separate municipality.


Pre-Hispanic time

Probably existed already at the time of the peak phase of Teotihuacán at the beginning of the 1st century of the Christian era a settlement in Azcapotzalcos. At that time, the settlement on the northeastern shore of Lake Texcoco was located. The place has since been abandoned and re-founded in the 12th century. As a result Azcapotzalcos capital of the people of Tepaneca was. Among the known as the tyrant rulers Tezozomoc and Maxtla Azcapotzalcos was the supremacy of the Valley of Mexico, the Aztecs and many other peoples of the region were under tribute. After the conquest of the city by Aztec emperor Itzcoatl in 1428 Azcapotzalcos lost its political importance.


1519 when Hernán Cortés first arrived in the Atzekenmetropole to Moctezuma II presented in magnificent robes that had been made ​​in Azcapotzalcos.

After the conquest, the region became the new Spanish landowners Delgadillo and Maldonado assumed. The Dominicans built a parish church and a monastery. About the city limits, the chapel of the Virgin of Rosario is known, which was completed at the beginning of the 18th century. It is considered a major architectural feature of the colonial era.

The Porfirianische time

Between 1876 and 1910 the character of Mexico City was heavily influenced by President Porfirio Díaz. During this time, elegant houses were built in the French style on the main street of Azcapozalco.


In the 20th century Azcapotzalcos has changed dramatically. The propagation of Mexico City has meant that many suburbs were incorporated. The state oil production company PEMEX built there since a refinery, which is now closed, and on the grounds, a park will be built. Azcapotzalcos got the reputation as a suburb of the middle class.

Meanwhile, experienced Azcapotzalcos a new economic boom. It was the TecnoParque Azcapotzalcos, the first of its kind in Mexico City to meet the demand for offices for national and multinational companies and institutions.