18:46 - 70.74Koordinaten: 18 ° 28 ' N, 70 ° 44 ' W
Azua is a province in the southwest of the Dominican Republic.
In 2010, a total of 214 311 people lived in the province, of which 112 885 men and 101 426 women. This is around 80 inhabitants per square kilometer in the province which has an area of 2682.5 km ².
The Azua Province is located in a coastal plain bordering the Bay of Ocoa, surrounded by the mountain ranges Cordillera Central and the Sierra de Martín García. The highest points of the province are the Tina with 2186 meters and the mountain Busu 1340 meters.
The neighboring provinces are Barahona, Baoruco, San Juan, La Vega, San José de Ocoa and Peravia.
The province consists of 10 municipios:
In 1504 the province was first, later Azua de Compostela populated with the establishment of de Compostela Azua. The founder of the settlement, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, was the future conqueror of Cuba. Azua is one of the oldest European settlements in the New World.
After an earthquake on 16 October 1751 to an almost complete destruction of the town of Azua was established eight kilometers north again.
The province itself was founded in 1844 as one of the first five provinces after independence of the Dominican Republic. At that time included the regions of San Juan de la Maguana, Las Matas de Farfán, Neyba, Las Caobas, Hincha, Banica, San Miguel de la Atalaya and San Rafael to do so.
The main industry is agriculture. The main products are White Beans ( habichuelas ), plantains ( Platanos ), coffee and fruit trees, which are exported to some extent. In the coastal regions is fished, although what constitutes a small proportion of the economy. Industrial particularly tomatoes are processed in this region.
In the port of Puerto Viejo, most of the oil is discharged for national needs and further processed in the Middle refinery.
The province is touristy yet undeveloped, with a few exceptions in Monterrío, Playa Chiquita and Palmar de Ocoa.