Bammental is a municipality with about 6500 inhabitants in the Rhein- Neckar-Kreis in Baden- Württemberg.
- 2.1 Population development
- 3.1 municipal
- 3.2 Mayor
- 3.3 Coat of Arms
- 3.4 community partnership
- 4.1 Structures
- 4.2 Museums
- 4.3 Natural Heritage
- 4.4 Regular events
- 4.5 dialect
- 5.1 traffic
- 5.2 Education
- 6.1 freeman
- 6.2 sons and daughters of the town
- 6.3 Other persons associated with Bammental
Location and natural space
Bammental part of the Rhine- Neckar and is located in the Neckar -Odenwald Nature Park, about 9 km as the crow southeast of Heidelberg and 13 km north- west of Sinsheim in Elsenztal. To Bammental part of the district Reilsheim.
Neighboring municipalities are in the northwest of Heidelberg, in the north Neckargemuend, east meadow stream, in the south-east wall, in the southwest glues with the district Gauangelloch and west Gaiberg.
Bammentals district has a share in the Odenwald and the Kraichgau. The municipal area extends between a height of 120 and 340 meters above 1216 hectares. Of these, 18.8 percent for housing and transport area, 35.1 percent is used for agriculture and 44.2 percent are forested.
By Bammental and Reilsheim the river Elsenz flows.
The annual rainfall is 929 millimeters. Rainfall is high. They are located in the upper quarter of the detected values in Germany. At 80 percent of the monitoring stations of the German Weather Service lower values are registered. The driest month is February, the most rainfall comes in June. In June, more than 1.3 times more rainfall than in February. Precipitation varies very little during the year. At only 4 percent of the monitoring stations, lower seasonal swings are recorded.
Remains of a Roman road and of Roman buildings are evidence of a settlement by the Romans from the era.
769 of the present-day district Reilsheim was first mentioned in a document of the Lorsch codex under the name Risolfesheim. Reilsheim one of the oldest settlements in the lower Elsenztal that were well established in the wake of the Frankish conquest in the 6th or 7th century. From Reilsheim made by the founding of a number of expanding settlements, including the location on the lower reaches of the cancer Bach Bammental heard, whose origins are probably in the 8th or 9th century. The deed of gift of 29 June 1016, the Bene maggots is mentioned for the first time, probably dates from the 12th century .. Secure documents are available only from the 12th century. The two spatially separated locations were probably already in the 13th century a common administrative unit in 1325 already a common magistrate was called. Together Grown are Reilsheim and Bammental by the location between the old settlement cores Vorstädtl, starting with the establishment of a mill on the Elsenz 1628 and massively expanded since the opening of Elsenztalbahn 1862 and the establishment of a wallpaper factory 1862 /63. The Vorstädtl today forms the actual community center with the town hall and shops.
Bammental - Reilsheim originally belonged to the high medieval Kraichgau County who once resided in Wiesbach counts of Lauffen and then came to the lower Elsenztal in Staufen property that has been managed by an imperial proconsul in Wimpfen. From 1330 to 1803 was the site under Palatine sovereignty and belonged to Meckenheimer center, a comprehensive Elsenztal the lower court district. Although various monasteries and the Lords of Hirschhorn had property in Reilsheim and Bammental, over two-thirds of the arable land but were free possession of the farmers. In the 18th century Bammental developed by the immigration of farmers to the larger of the two places. 1803 came Bammental to Baden. After 1831 Reilsheim temporarily tried to gain independence, but this was finally dismissed in 1841.
Bammental was well into the 19th century heavily influenced agricultural and forestry. The first major industrial enterprise of the place was the wallpaper and paper mill by the Brothers Scherer, which was opened in 1863 and had in 1888 already 200 employees. Other historic industrial significance had also 1900 the manufacture of cigars and the mill being.
After the Second World War Bammental took around 1,000 displaced persons, on mostly from the former eastern territories of Germany, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Yugoslavia. This made for a sharp increase in the population and for the development of new residential areas. The traditional lines of business, such as the paper and cigar manufacturing and the mill being lost in importance, there have been developed many years but new commercial during the " economic miracle." By 1973 Bammental belonged to the district of Heidelberg. With the dissolution of the congregation joined in the Rhein- Neckar-Kreis.
The council, in addition to the presiding mayor 18 members who are elected every five years.
The mayor is directly elected for eight years. Mayor of Bammental Holger Karl. He was elected on 28 March 2010 at the second ballot with 69.7 percent of the vote and took office on 1 June 2010.
Coat of arms
Blazon: A bent- silver tip, where a growing, growing of two red tulips with green leaves beseiteter deciduous tree, split; front in black on the left inverted, red reinforced and red bezungter golden lion, rear schräggerautet of blue and silver.
The coat of arms goes back to a former court seal, which is detectable since 1747. It was founded in 1894 officially recognized by the State Archive. The Lion and the diamonds are symbols of the ancient Palatinate. The tree stands for the popular etymological interpretation of " Bammental " as " tree in the valley ".
The flag is green and white and in 1965 awarded by the Ministry of Interior.
Bammental cares since June 18, 1966 a partnership with Vertus in France and since the Wall came down in 1989 with the Saxon town Demitz - Thumitz.
Culture and sights
Amid the former settlement cores of Bammental and Reilsheim have two ancient watchtowers called " Dörndl ", obtained from 1773/74. Above the Vorstädtls is also located the "old tower ", the steeple of a 13th-century, baroque renewed about 1774 and 1896 demolished church. The new Protestant church was built in 1902-1904, designed by Hermann Behaghel and equipped with a new bell in 2007. The Catholic Church was built in 1912 and expanded in 1975. The New Apostolic Church in Reilsheim is a modern building of 1975. Besides the typical regional executed in red sandstone town hall has also built in a half-timbered and get 1851-1956 used as such old town hall. In the village there are several other historic half-timbered buildings, including a very jewelery edifice from 1593 in the district Reilsheim.
Catholic Church of St. Dionysius
Watchtower ( Dörndl ) in Oberndorf
Half-timbered house in Reilsheim from 1593
In the old station of Bammental a home museum. Also worth seeing is the aromatic and medicinal herb garden at the " Old Tower ".
In Reilsheim is a 1000 year old oak tree. A fire caused by a lightning strike, the tree inside is hollow. The inside of the tree is protected by the film and a roof.
The church fete is celebrated in Bammental for centuries on the third Sunday in August, the oldest document dates back to 1703. Lange tradition did you also use the moves of Kerweborscht. Also long tradition have the summer day trains before Easter, which are already occupied from 1654 in Bammental. Every December, the two-day Christmas market is held in the upper village road.
Every two years, is organized by the Linde festival which is organized by the trade association Bammental, at the next concerts and a Sunday opening the regular duck race will be held to promote the forest pool. Alternating with the linden festival also takes place Bammental the spring market in two years.
The local dialect is " Kurpellsisch ' " or in High German: the Palatinate dialect in Kurpfälzer expression.
From Kaiserslautern to Mosbach a Frankish or Rhine Franconian dialect is " gebabbelt " in countless small-scale variations, the High German and the proportion course Coated has the dialect but slightly pushed back.
Economy and infrastructure
The Elsenztalbahn, which also leads coming from Heidelberg and Sinsheim Neckargemuend to Bad Friedrich -Jagstfeld has, in Bammental two breakpoints: the breakpoint Bammental and the breakpoint of the partial map Reilsheim. The route is served by the S- Bahn Rhein Neckar with the lines Heidelberg and Sinsheim- Epping Heidelberg Mecke Home Aglasterhausen. In the surrounding villages lead bus routes. Bammental belongs to the tariff zone of the transport association Rhein- Neckar.
Bammental is located on the main road 45 between Neckargemuend and Sinsheim.
A school is detectable in Bammental since 1605. In town there today Elsenztalschule, a primary and secondary school with Werkrealschule, the gymnasium Bammental and the Electoral Palatinate private boarding school.
- Johann Stetzelberger (1882-1962), longtime council
- Emil Filsinger (1889-1972), longtime choir director, honorary citizen in 1964
- Heinrich Müller (1919-1991), longtime council and fire chief, honorary citizen in 1975
- Herbert Fechner (1940-1995), mayor (1977-1994), longtime county council, honorary citizen in 1994
- Horst Ottinger (1938-2003), longtime chairman of the association and council, honorary citizen in 2002
- Erhard Kramer (1933-2013), longtime municipal and First Deputy Mayor, Federal Service Cross, honorary citizen in 2009
Sons and daughters of the town
- Wilhelm Kling (1902-1973), politician (KPD, SED)
Other impacts associated with Bammental people
- Ellen Lauterbach (1923-2011), member of the Bundestag (SPD ) and recipient of the Order of Merit 1st Class
- Hans -Dieter Flick ( born 1965 ), co- football national coach, lives in Bammental