Banked turn

As a banked curve is referred to in cycling and motor sports a curve, which is inclined towards the inside. More generally, such as railways, it is called overshoot. Steep curves allow higher cornering speeds.


Brooklands, the first track of Great Britain ( also the first permanent race track in the world), came on in 1907 with steep curves into operation. For the construction of concrete had to be used because they could not then make the necessary inclination of road with asphalt. For their steep turns are especially famous ovals in the U.S., where the NASCAR travels among others. At the 24 - hour race at Daytona, the steep curves are also included. In Monza and on the AVUS to 1961 Formula 1 races were held with banked curves, and there were near Paris in Montlhery a track with banked curves. These more than 30 degrees slope, reminiscent of a house roof buildings were either demolished or no longer in use and abandoned to decay. With just a few degrees of tilt only slightly inflated are the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in the U.S. and the Euro Speedway Lausitz in Germany.

Steep curves, however, are usually part at the test tracks from renowned manufacturers such as Opel in Rodgau- Dudenhofen and VW in Lessien, and thus be used for testing of production vehicles.

Steep turns are also found in many model car racing. It also climbs come up with an angle of about 45 ° are used, so that the curve can be traversed at high speed. However, the model cars from the train can slip if they are stopped or are just too slow.


Even when flying the term of the steep curve will be used. A steep curve is then flown when the wings of the respective aircraft (airplane, dragon, etc.) occupy a nearly or completely vertical angle.