Bansko is situated at the foot of the Pirin Mountains, near the National Park of the same name in the valley of the river Mesta. The city is about 160 km from Sofia and 220 km from Thessaloniki.
The population of the municipality of Bansko ( Bulg Община Банско ) is 13,556 inhabitants (as of 15 March 2009). At her next to the town of Bansko include the following locations:
During the period of the Bulgarian National Revival Bansko was one of the cultural centers. Especially the Bansko school of art was known with its wood carving and icon painting. As part of the Tanzimat reforms of 1833 a Bulgarian association was formed in the 1833- ies, which merged with the Bulgarian Municipality Bansko 1850. She organized and financed the construction of the church Holy Trinity ( Bulg Света Троица ), consecrated in 1835; the first convent school, opened in 1838 and Secular from 1847. Next regulated the Bulgarian community, the local violence in Bansko itself was built in 1850 with their support of the bell tower of the Trinity Church in the clockwork was used in 1865.
In the fight for a minted by the Greek Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople Opel independent Bulgarian church several times, the Greek bishops were expelled in the 1830s and called for the deployment of a Bulgarian bishop.
1876 took the inhabitants of Bansko on April Uprising and in autumn 1878, when it became known that after the Russo -Turkish War and the subsequent Congress of Berlin in the region continue to remain in the Ottoman Empire part of the Kresna - Razlog Uprising. 1894 Tschitalischte was (a kind of cultural center ) was founded. 1896 built Gotse Delchev Sofia, to a center of BMARK. Bansko 1903 was one of the centers of the Ilinden Uprising Preobraschenie, which was directed against the Ottoman Turkish rule.
The city was liberated in the First Balkan War trains of the common Tscheta ( company ) of Jonko Wapzarow, Chirsto Tschernopeew, Pejo Jaworow and Lasar Koltschagow of Macedonia - Adrian Opel Volunteer Corps in the Bulgarian army on October 5, 1912. The first mayor was elected Assen Todorov. In the following period, the region was a bastion of VMRO ( renaming the BMARK after cleavage ).
Economy and Tourism
The well-known mountain resort of Bansko is dominated by tourism thanks to the good access to the Pirin Mountains and one of the most famous ski resorts in Bulgaria. The ski season runs from mid-December to mid-April. The ski area has slopes for all skill levels with a total length of 75 km.
In the last years of the green tourism is being rediscovered. So Bansko offers in the summer months with the nearby national park Pirin, which rises in 1008-2914 m and covers an area of 27,000 ha, countless hiking trails through some of the trails are Sandanski, Melnik and for Roshen and Rila Monastery achieve. Furthermore, there are many routes that you can explore by mountain bike or on horseback. The National Park is rich in lakes, waterfalls, caves and ancient trees (→ Bajkuschewa Mura).
Bansko itself has preserved its atmosphere from the time of the Bulgarian Revival period. Many houses from the 18th and 19th century architectural monuments of this period are today. In the taverns of the city courts and folklore from the region are offered.
In recent years, however, clearly set to mass tourism. Centuries-old conifers must avoid the numerous new ski slopes and hotels. The large-scale felling of previously untouched forests destroyed ecosystems, dramatically accelerated the soil erosion and increases in winter the avalanche danger. Environmentalists point to the connections of the ski - concessionaire, the way Julen AG ( Юлен АД ), with corrupt political circles. The large-scale development of the ski resort was approved partly under mysterious disregard urgent environmental concerns.
On 1 February 2007, a letter of self-proclaimed radical conservationists reached the Bulgarian Interior Ministry, where this threatened the remote-controlled demolition of the ski slopes in Bansko. When the decision for the construction of the ski area was granted in 2000, this was done under the condition that the capacity of the hotel is not to increase over 9000 beds. In February 2011, environmental organizations reported that the hotel capacity now is 20,000. Several national and international conservation organizations warn of impending natural disaster, especially since Julen AG plans to further expand the ski slopes. At a press conference in advance of the Alpine World Cup in February 2011, the Bulgarian Environment Minister Nona Karadjova spoke for the development of eco and wellness tourism, since the region was well suited to the Pirin National Park, as well as the mineral springs of Banja and Dobrinishte and one by the attractiveness of the region could increase in the period from April to October.
Bansko is a breakpoint on the narrow gauge Rhodopenbahn of Septemwri Dobrinishte, also known as the " Rhaetian Railway in the Balkans ". There are train connections ( transfer at Septemwri ) to Sofia, Plovdiv and Burgas.
There are bus connections to Sofia, Plovdiv, Blagoevgrad, Razlog and Gotse Delchev.
Culture and Sport
In Bansko each year, where the International Bansko Jazz Fest instead.
In Bansko 2007 found the Biathlon European Championships, the Summer Biathlon European Championships in 2008 and 26-27. February 2011 two races instead of the Alpine World Cup 2010/2011.
- Greece Amphipolis, Greece
- Didymoticho Greece, Greece
- Doxato Greece, Greece
Sons and daughters of the town
- Atanas Furnadschiew (1882-1940), freedom fighter
- Jonko Wapzarow (1861-1939), freedom fighter and father of Nikola Wapzarow
- Kandite Dagaradin (1830-1909), freedom fighter
- Nikola Furnadschiew (1840-1909), freedom fighter
- Paisii Hilendarski (1722-1773), clergyman
- Petar Benin (1777-1884), reconnaissance
- Neophyte Rilski (ca. 1790-1881 ), reconnaissance
- Nikola Wapzarow (1909-1942), poet