The Barabaig ( Barabayiiga ) are the largest subgroup of scoring to the Nilotic ethnic group of Datooga ( Tatoga ) in Tanzania. They live mainly in the north around the mountain Hanang in the region Manyara. Their population is about 50,000.
The language of Barabaig is a dialect of the language südnilotischen Datooga. They live by hunting, farming and animal husbandry; Wealth is measured by the number of cattle that has a Barabaig.
The Datooga were once a powerful people, but were decimated by the new arrivals during the European colonization and disease by tribal feuds.
Traditionally, the Barabaig live mainly from cattle. The grazing land is considered to be owned by the community, while houses and agronomically used pieces of land belonging to individual families. Depending on the season, different pasture areas are used.
In the 1970s, the Barabaig from the forced resettlement in Ujamaa villages were affected. In addition, increasingly penetrated non- Barabaig before in their territory.
From 1971, the Barabaig of the Basotu Plains and thus an important part of their grazing land were pushed. They had a Canadian project to large-scale mechanized wheat cultivation soft, which served mainly to create market opportunities for Canadian manufacturers of pesticides and harvesting machines. With the expulsion, there was human rights violations such as torture and rape at the Barabaig, which thus lost their livelihoods. Some Barabaig then moved to the cities, while others settled in the territory of the Hadza.
More recently, it also comes to intermarriage of Datooga with the Iraqw.