The Barisan Nasional ( Malay for National Front, abbreviated BN) is a political coalition of 13 parties currently in Malaysia.
The chairman of the BN since 2009, Najib Razak, the Prime Minister. His predecessor at the head of the coalition and the government was Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.
In the parliamentary elections of 2008, the coalition lost an important two-thirds majority that allows for constitutional amendments. The most important political opponent of the BN coalition Pakatan Rakyat, the opposition, which is led by Anwar Ibrahim, a former BN politician and former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.
The dominant party of the coalition is the UMNO, which the Malays, the largest ethnic group in Malaysia represents. All six of the former Prime Minister of Malaysia are or were members of UMNO. Other major parties are the MCA and the MIC, which each represented the interests of the ethnic Chinese and Indians in Malaysia.
The Sabah Progressive Party ( SAPP), which currently holds two seats in the Malaysian Parliament, resigned from Barisan Nasional of 17 September 2008.
- GRM Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia
- LDP Liberal Democratic Party
- MCA Malaysian Chinese Association
- MIC Malaysian Indian Congress
- Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah PBRS
- Parti Bersatu Sabah PBS
- Parti Bumiputera Bersatu PBB Pesaka
- PPP People Progressive Party
- Parti Rakyat Sarawak PRS
- SPDP Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party
- SUPP Sarawak United People 's Party
- UPKO United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation
- UMNO United Malays National Organisation