Barnstable, Massachusetts

Barnstable County


Barnstable ( called The Town of Barnstable ) is a city in the state of Massachusetts on Cape Cod in the United States and the county seat of Barnstable County. The urban area covers seven Villages, the largest and most famous of which is Hyannis.


Barnstable is located on Cape Cod, about 110 kilometers southeast of Boston. The natural boundaries in the north and the south are the coastal Atlantic Ocean, and in the north of the peninsula, the Cape Cod Bay and south of the Nantucket Sound is located. To the west are the towns of Barnstable and Sandwich Mashpee. To the east is bordered Barnstable Yarmouth. U.S. Highway 6 runs with separate carriageways as Mid Cape Highway in east-west direction through Barnstable. Further south, parallel to the Massachusetts Route 28 at their ends west of the municipal airport, the Massachusetts Route 132 in Hyannis Harbor, the ships dock on Nantucket. Within the urban area of ​​Barnstable are the Villages Barnstable, Centerville, Cotuit, Hyannis Hyannis Port, Marstons Mills, Osterville, and West Barnstable. The largest area of ​​standing water is located in the center of the district Wequaquet Lake, which is connected via Snows Cove with the smaller Bearse Pond. Directly east of the Shallow Pond connects with Lewis Iceland.


Barnstable was settled in the early 17th century by the British and named after the English town of Barnstaple in the county of Devon because of the similarity of coastline and harbor. The first settlers settled in 1602 under the leadership of Bartholomew Gosnold in the field down. 1639 Barnstable was incorporated as a Town. The first settlers were farmers, but soon were fishing and salt mining the main industries. At the end of the 19th century the port was home to about 804 ships. With the connection to the railway network in 1854 and the advent of steamships, the traditional boat trip lost its importance. Towards the end of the 19th century, Barnstable established itself as a major tourist destination. Many famous residents of the city of Boston as the U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant and Grover Cleveland spent the summer on the beaches of Barnstable. The most famous holiday family were and still are the Kennedys, which maintains an extensive estate in Hyannis Port. Attractions for tourism are now the John F. Kennedy Museum and other museums and the numerous beaches. Numerous buildings of the city were added to the National Register of Historic Places. 1989 Barnstable was incorporated as a city.


At the time of the census in 2000 ( U.S. Census 2000), the town had 47 821 inhabitants on a land area of ​​approximately 155.5 km ². The median age was 42.3 years ( national U.S. average: 35.3 years ). The per capita income (English per capita income) was ( the national average of the United States: 21,587 U.S. dollars) 25 554 U.S. dollars. 8.8 % of residents were with their income below the poverty line ( national U.S. average: 12.4 %). 28.2 % of residents are of Irish, 17.7% English and 7.9% are of German descent.