Baron Eligius Franz Joseph von Münch-Bellinghausen

Friedrich Halm (actually Eligius Franz Joseph Freiherr von Münch - Bellinghausen, born April 2, 1806 Krakow, † May 22, 1871 in Vienna ) was an Austrian poet, novelist and playwright. He is considered a literary representative of the so-called Makart.


Eligius Franz Joseph Freiherr von Münch - Bellinghausen was born in Krakow, the son of a high official and first attended the Stiftsgymnasium Melk and the Scots school in Vienna. He then entered the University of Vienna to study philosophy and law. At 20, he performed at kk fiscal office in Linz in the civil service and brought it in the course of his life to the Governing Council. On his long -held secret literary and poetic aspirations had his teacher, the esthetician Michael Leopold Enk from the castle, significant influence. 1835 was performed by Münch - Bellinghausen Stockhausen's first work Griseldis under the pseudonym Friedrich Halm beibehaltenem later with great success.

In 1845 he took over the title of a court counselor, the first custodian position at the Imperial Court Library, to which he lent his hand with important reforms. 1865 to 1869 he was Chairman of the Board of the German Schiller Foundation. 1869 to 1871 he served as General Director of the Vienna Court Theatre and the two had been close friends with the actress Julie Castle radish.

His grave is located in Vienna's Central Cemetery (Group 0, number 1, number 100). In 1876 (2nd district) was named the Halmgasse after him in Vienna Leopoldstadt.

His uncle was Count Joachim Münch - Bellinghausen, the owner of the goods Merkenstein and Gainfarn in Bad Vöslau.


As a playwright he is the successor Franz Grillparzer the most popular playwrights of his time. He had even more success than this in the theater and was based also on the Spanish drama. Its sometimes quite sensational plays are forgotten today for the most part, remain of interest to be the influenced by Heinrich von Kleist and the Italian novella stories, especially the very early novel, The Eye of God, about the mental self-destruction of a gottverleumdenden knight, and the novelistic masterpiece, The House at the Veron retreating over the loss of humanity as a result of a delusion. The risk of monomania is one of the resistant core themes of the novella Friedrich Halm, and this novelistic field he is a master of the most profound mental representation.



  • Griselda, 1835
  • The Adept, 1836
  • Camoens, 1837
  • Imelda Lambertazzi, 1838
  • A light sentence in 1840
  • King and Bauer, 1841
  • The Son of the Wilderness, 1842
  • Sampiero, 1844
  • Maria da Molina, 1847
  • Prohibition and command, 1848
  • The fencers of Ravenna, 1854
  • A Queen, 1857
  • Iphigenia in Delphi 1857
  • Begum Somru, 1860
  • Wild Fire, 1864


  • The Eye of God, 1826
  • An evening at L., 1828
  • The marzipan Liese, 1856
  • The Girlfriends, 1860
  • The house at the retreating Veron, 1864


  • Poems, 1850
  • Collected Works, 8 vols, 1856-1864
  • Stories