Baroque painting

The Baroque painting is described in the history of art as a stylistic change to the paintings of the Renaissance. Your roots and beginnings lie in Italy in the late 16th century. The epochal term found since the mid 19th century designation.

Rome was the major center of Italy in the Seicento (17th century). Of the resident painters Annibale Carracci and Michelangelo da Caravaggio, the decisive impetus for the development of painting in the rest of Europe went out. The painting was functionalized strengthened during the 17th century; either provided by the Church in the service of the Counter-Reformation movement or used by the absolutist courts programmatically to the glory of the regent. The panel developed into an ever more desirable collector's item for nobles, kings, courtiers and the emancipated bourgeoisie.

Major painter of the Baroque period in Italy, the brothers Agostino and Annibale Carracci, Michelangelo da Caravaggio, Guido Reni and Giovanni Tiepolo, in Spain, El Greco, Bartolomé Murillo and Diego Velázquez, in France, Nicolas Poussin, Claude Vignon and Claude Lorrain, in Germany Adam Elsheimer Cosmas Damian Asam, Johannes Zick Januarius and his son, Joseph Wannenmacher in Tirol Stephan Kessler and the Netherlands, Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt and Vermeer.


Characteristic of the Baroque period was the establishment of other academies. Thus was opened in Rome in 1593, the Accademia di San Luca, after Giorgio Vasari already in 1564 the Accademia del Disegno was built. In its statutes, artist training was set as the main goal. In the academy was not only practical teaching, but there were also lectures and disputes rather than theories of art.

The Academy did get great art-political influence, because all public contracts were now under their monopoly. Among the members were also foreign artists such as Velázquez, Poussin and Lorrain. In addition to the Accademia di San Luca in Rome there was also the Académie de France à Rome, which was founded in 1666 at the instigation of Colbert as a branch of the Paris Academy.


  • Paintings from the Baroque period

Peter Paul Rubens, Boreas Abducting Oreithyia, about 1620.

Pieter Claesz, Still Life with Musical Instruments, 1623rd

Rembrandt, Danae, From 1636 to 1643.

Jan Vermeer van Delft, View of Delft, From 1660 to 1661.

Painter of the Baroque

Painters who belong to the baroque era, see: → Category: Baroque painter

Pictures of Baroque painting