Barrhead (Gaelic: Ceann a ' Bhàirr ) is a town in the Scottish unitary authority in East Renfrewshire.
The city is located in the north of East Renfrewshire and has a border with the northern Unitary Authority Glasgow. The city center of Glasgow is about eleven kilometers northeast. Another limitation exists with the westerly Unitary Authority Renfrewshire. The center of the local town of Paisley is located about six kilometers to the northwest. Barrhead is part of the agglomeration belt of Glasgow. It lies on the small river Levern, which flows a few kilometers south of Long hole and ends in Glasgow in one of the two sources of the Cart. On the eastern edge is the 180 m high Ferenze Hill.
Barrhead developed in the course of industrialization of several spaced localities. The city's founding was at in 1773. For the rapid population growth is mainly the textile industry was responsible. In Barrhead, numerous companies from the industry, including cotton mills, dyeing and fabric printing companies developed. There were iron or wood-processing enterprises and stoneware manufacturer. In the nearby quarry Boylestone also copper was mined. 1894 Barrhead received the rights of a Burgh. Arisen in the course of this building for the Burgh Council (now 124 Main Street ) and a Courthouse (128 Main Street ). Today Barrhead is still dominated industry. Among other leather goods, and pet foods are produced here.
In 1841, 3492 people lived in Barrhead. Even ten years later, the number had almost doubled to 6069, then remained nearly constant for two more decades. From 12,971 inhabitants in 1961, the population had grown to its peak 18,420 in 1981. 2001 was counted in Barrhead 17,244.
Barrhead is located on the A736, which begins in the north at the A8 and M8 in Glasgow. The road passes through the southern parts of the city of Glasgow, Barrhead and Neilston to end in the south in Irvine. The M77 introduces three kilometers east past Barrhead. In 1847, Barrhead was connected to the railway network and received its own railway station on the newly formed Glasgow, Barrhead and Neilston Direct Railway. For this purpose, was created with the Salt Erland Viaduct a crossing of the Levern north of town. Today, the railway station on the Glasgow South Western Line of the First ScotRail is operated. The Glasgow Airport is located eight kilometers north-west.
In Barrhead 13 Grade II listed buildings are currently listed. Of these, eight are in category B and five listed in the category C (S). Among these are the Bourock Parish Church and the South Parish Church Barrhead two church buildings from the mid-19th century. In addition, five villas, two bridges and administration buildings, a Stables as well as the Masonic Temple of Barrhead. In Arthurlie district is the finding Arthur 's Cross (also Arthurlie Cross), the resulting stem of a historic Celtic Cross from the 10th or 11th century, also a Scheduled Monument in Barrhead. There was a time on the lands of Arthurlie House, but this also did not meet its original location.
Sons and daughters of the town
- John Davidson (1857-1909), poet
- Edward Arthur Walton (1860-1922), painter
- Robert Stevenson (1869 - ), former football player
- Tommy McInally (1899-1955), former Scottish football player
- Ellen Dawson (1900-1967), communist activist and leader of the American textile union
- Bob McPhail (1905-2000), former football player
- Matthew McDiarmid (1914-1996), essayist and poet
- Alex McLeish ( born 1959 ), former Scottish football player
- Marianne Saliba ( b. 1960 ), Australian politician
- Douglas Henshall (born 1965 ), actor
- Gordon McCorkell (* 1983), actor