Baseball scorekeeping

With scoring (sometimes scorekeeping ) refers to the capture of all relevant actions of a baseball or softball game. The person who is responsible during the game for scoring, called Official Scorer.

Meaning and purpose

Scoring is not only the production of statistics, but is a necessary condition for a rule- oriented game play in an organized game mode. The Scorer

  • Created the official match report for the association,
  • Listed all used players, so their eligibility can be verified by the association,
  • Counts the runs and determines the final official result,
  • Records all Competitions
  • Created a statistical analysis of all offensive, defensive and Pitchingaktionen from the league statistics are compiled.

Score Sheet

The main tool of a scorer's judgment is the score sheet. On this form, all entries will be made. Meanwhile, there are also various software for scoring, which can replace the paper core sheet.

A completed score sheet contains at least the following information:

  • Participating teams, names of the home and visiting team, venue, league, date, game start and end
  • Match Result
  • Starting team
  • Player changes
  • Detailed History of each innings. This includes the results of each shock passage of an offensive player and the advance of the runners on base.
  • Detailed Offense, Defense and pitching statistics for each used players and the teams
  • Names of referees and scorers
  • Number of viewers
  • Special events during the game

Recorded Actions

When scoring the following actions are listed:

  • Base hits the batsman ( singles, doubles, triples, home runs )
  • Reaching a base by the batsman by actions other than base hits (base on balls, hit by pitch, catcher's interference, obstruction, of dropped third strike, fielder 's choice )
  • For a batsman ( groundout, flyout, strikeout, out- by- Rule )
  • From a runner ( groundout, Caught Stealing, pickoff, out- by- Rule )
  • Advancing a runner ( advancing through subsequent batsman, Stolen base, wild pitch, passed ball, balk, Fielder's Choice )
  • Failed field game actions ( Decisive Errors, Extra - Base Errors )
  • Home beaten runner ( runs batted in)
  • Special moves ( double plays, Triple Plays, Plays Appeal, missed beat passages )

The basis for the collection and assessment of situations, the official scoring rules that are defined in Chapter 10 of Baseball Rule Book or Chapter 12 of the softball rulebook. The official rules specify, among other things,

  • When an action as a hit or error must be considered,
  • Runs batted as are awarded in (RBI ),
  • What actions are to be valued as Sacrifices,
  • When a runner is awarded a Stolen Base,
  • Is when decided on passed ball or wild pitch,
  • Such as the Earned Runs are calculated for pitcher and
  • Like Wins, Losses, Saves and shutouts for pitcher will be awarded.

What abbreviations and symbols, the actions are listed is not prescribed by the rule book and depends on the scoring system used. There are hundreds of different scoring systems of varying complexity. In Germany, the scoring system of the German Baseball and Softball Federation ( DBV) is mandatory for all leagues. In international baseball tournaments ( eg European Cup, European Championships, World Championships, Olympic Games ), the system of IBAF is employed. For international softball tournaments each scoring system of the host is used; the European Association ESF and the World Federation ISF did not make a specification.

In all scoring systems, however, the same numbers are used for the designation of the field positions in order to capture the players involved in a turn: 1 = pitcher, 2 = catcher, 3 = first baseman, 4 = Second Baseman, 5 = third baseman, 6 = Shortstop, 7 = Left Fielder, 8 = center fielder, right fielder 9 =

Scoring system of the German Baseball and Softball Association

In the scoring system of the DBV, the following scoring abbreviations are used:

Reaching a base

For a batsman or runner

  • Flyout a batsman: F position number of the fielder eg F8 for a flyout in Centerfield
  • Unassisted Out of a batsman or runner: U position number of the fielder eg U3 on a groundout by first baseman
  • Assisted Out of a batsman or runner: position number of the first field player " - " item number of the second fielder eg 5-3 for a throw from third baseman to first baseman followed from the batsman's
  • Sacrifice bunt one batsman: SH and item number of the involved field players, such as SH 1-3 for a gebunteten ball, which is absorbed by the pitcher and thrown to the first baseman
  • Sacrifice Fly a batsman: SF position number of the participating fielder, eg SF8 for a sacrifice fly to center field
  • Pickoff a runner through the pitcher or catcher: PK and item number of the involved field players, such as PK 1-3 for a pickoff from pitcher to first baseman
  • Caught Stealing a runner: CS number and position number of the court players involved, such as CS 2-6 for a Caught Stealing by Catcher to shortstop
  • For a batsman or runner because of specific rules: OBR and item number of the participating fielder, for example OBR F6 for a dropped infield fly or OBR U4 for a runner who is hit by a batted ball
  • From a runner or impact by a man Appeal Play the Defensive Team: AP action of Appeals.

Advancement of runners

  • If the runner advances X batting -order position of the batsman, eg X6 by an action of the sixth batsman in the batting order: A subsequent batsman
  • For example, SB6, if the runner steals SB batting -order position of the batsman, while the striking passage of the sixth batsman in the batting order, the base Stolen Base
  • Wild Pitch: WP batting -order position of the batsman, eg WP5
  • Passed Ball: PB batting -order position of the batsman, eg PB3
  • Balk: BK batting -order position of the batsman, eg BK4
  • Achieve a base by fielder 's choice: FC
  • Reaching the Bases by one rule: in which the ABR has happened ABR batting -order position of the batsman.


  • Failed the field of play actions that prevent from ( Decisive Errors ): E position number of the fielder eg E6 for an error of shortstops
  • Failed the field of play actions that a runner an extra base grant ( extra -base errors): e position number of the fielder, eg e2 for an error of Catchers


  • Run batted in: An RBI is marked with a dot in the box of shock passage
  • Lost Turn: When a player misses his blow through, but the defensive team inserts no appeal, so when the player who has missed his blow through a LT is noted.
  • Double Play or Triple Play: DP or TP and item number of the involved field players, such as DP 6-4 and DP 4-3 for a classic double play