Basketball in Spain
Basketball is a popular widths and spectator sport in Spain. The Basketball Federation Federación Española de Baloncesto ( FEB ) was established on 31 July 1923 and entered 1934, the Fédération Internationale de Basketball ( FIBA ) at. Since 1933, a championship is played, for the time being as the Copa de España in the Cup mode, and since the season 1957 in League mode as Española de Baloncesto League (now League ACB). With 4,053 registered clubs and licensed players 407 728 (2012 ), basketball in Spain is the second most popular team sport after soccer.
- 2.1 National team of men 2.1.1 Olympic Games
- 2.1.2 World Championships
- 2.1.3 European Championships
- 2.3.1 Men
- 2.3.2 Women
- 4.1 Significant Spanish players
- 4.2 Significant Spanish coach
- 4.3 Members of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
- 4.4 Members of the FIBA Hall of Fame
- 5.1 NBA Drafts
- 6.1 WNBA Drafts
National Basketball competitions
The Spanish basketball league was first played in 1957 as the League Española de Baloncesto and was under the patronage of the Spanish Association Federación Española de Baloncesto FEB ( ). She pulled back then the discharged in the Cup mode Copa de España from the Spanish top flight competition for club teams. The club was dominant in the early years of Real Madrid, the only unfinished 1957-1977 two seasons as champions, namely 1958/59, when FC Barcelona won the title, and 1966/67, Joventut de Badalona by the victory. In 1982 a separate League Association was founded with the name Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto (ACB), which is responsible for the organization and marketing of the first league since the 1983/84 season and largely autonomous acts by the Spanish federation. The top division bares the name of the ACB league. The increasing professionalization also led to the rise of many basketball clubs, the hitherto mostly in the shadow of the two biggest sports clubs in the country, Real Madrid and FC Barcelona were. While holding the two clubs are still 45 of the 53 league titles (as of 2009 ), but also pure basketball clubs such as Joventut de Badalona, Estudiantes, Saski Baskonia (better known as TAU Vitoria ), Unicaja Malaga or Valencia Basket Club (better known as Pamesa Valencia ) started since then to compete for national and international trophies.
Until the formation of the ACB league in the 1983/84 season the title was played in a round robin tournament with home and away leg. For a victory, there were two points for the then proposed to draw a point. The league ACB, however, consists of a main passage in which the current 18 participating teams also deliver a round-robin tournament with round-trip game, draw, there is no longer counting the games won, with case of a tie the direct duel decides before the goal average. Following the regular season, the top eight teams identify in a play-off the Spanish champions. The two last placed rise in the LEB Oro, second division, from. Record winner of the Spanish league is currently in Spain Real Madrid with 30 titles.
FC Barcelona | Bilbao Basket | Cajasol | Tuenti Movil Estudiantes | Baloncesto Fuenlabrada | Gipuzkoa Basket | Herbalife Gran Canaria | FIATC Joventut | La Bruixa d' Or | Laboral Kutxa | Real Madrid | UCAM Murcia | Rio Natura Monbus | CAI Zaragoza | Iberostar Tenerife | Unicaja | Valencia Basket Club | CB Valladolid
Copa del Rey
The Copa del Rey is currently the Spanish Cup competition. He played in 1933 for the first time as the Copa de España and was until 1957 the only pan- Spanish championship. Currently, he is played as Final Eight play-off, with the top seven teams at halftime of the league and the home team of the venue for this tournament qualify that is played in a row in three days at a fixed place. Record winner is currently Real Madrid with 24 titles.
The Supercopa de España de Baloncesto is a competition was first held in 1984-1987 between the champions and the cup winners. Only in 2004, the competition was again called into life, but since then held before the start of the league and normally qualify the Spanish champions, Cup Winners' Cup, the best team in international tournaments as well as the home team the venue for the tournament, which in the final Four play-off mode is discharged. If a team has to meet several eligibility criteria, so moves to the next best team in the championship. Record winner is currently the FC Barcelona with five titles.
Liga Femenina de Baloncesto
The League Femenina de Baloncesto is the highest club competition for women in Spain. He has been held since 1964 and is in the presence of 14 teams. The best night of the basic passage contest a play- off for the title, the last two get into the league Femenina de Baloncesto 2 from. Current record holder is Ros Casares Valencia with twelve tracks.
Copa de la Reina
The Copa de la Reina de Baloncesto is the cup competition for women. While the first competition was held in 1943, but he will be held without interruption until 1978. Currently, the Cup, similar to the men who played as Final Eight play-off, which will qualify the top seven teams at halftime of the league and the home team of the venue for this tournament, which resulted in three days at a fixed location is played. Ros Casares Valencia is record winner of ten titles.
The Supercopa Femenina de Baloncesto is played on the championship between the champion and the Cup Winners' Cup since the 2002/ 03 season after. Fetch a team the double, so does the Cup finalists participate in the Supercup. Current record holder is Ros Casares Valencia with six titles.
Success in international basketball competitions
National team of men
The first official appearance of the Spanish national team was held in Geneva at the European Basketball Championship 1935. The Spanish conquered the silver medal. Since then, the selection of the men developed a fixture in international tournaments. Both at the Olympic Games, as well as World and European Championships in the senior and junior level, the Iberians have to show success.
After third-place failed in the 1980 Olympic Games only in the final game of the national basketball team of the USSR and thus narrowly missed a medal, so succeeded four years later in Los Angeles the finals after the semi-final the favored Yugoslavia, with stars such as Dražen Dražen Petrović or Dalipagić had defeated in their ranks with 74:61. There they met the then in force as almost unbeatable team of the USA, with players like Patrick Ewing, Michael Jordan, Chris Mullin, Alvin Robertson and Sam Perkins. The hosts won the final with 96:65, but the silver medal of the Spaniards could spark a basketball euphoria in the country. The most famous players of that team were Fernando Martín, Juan Antonio San Epifanio "Epi ", Juan Antonio Corbalán and Fernando Romay.
On another medal, the Spaniards had to wait 24 years. At the Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008 was reached after victories against Croatia and Lithuania in the quarter and semi-finals, again the final against the United States. The team of Americans was peppered with NBA stars like Kobe Bryant, LeBron James, Carmelo Anthony, Dwyane Wade, Dwight Howard and Jason Kidd, but the Spaniards encountered them in a high class final at eye level and eventually lost with 107:118. Outstanding players of the Spanish team at these Olympics were Pau Gasol, José Calderón, Rudy Fernández Ricky Rubio and Juan Carlos Navarro.
Basketball World Championships, the Spanish national team led long a shadowy existence. The first success was achieved respect in 1974 when you could finish the tournament in fifth place. The result was eight years later, at the World Cup in Colombia, to be improved, the Spaniards reached the third place match, but which has been almost lost 117:119 against the team from Yugoslavia. As a result, the Spanish national team has always been represented at finals and reached three fifth places (1986, 1998, 2002 ).
The biggest success of the Spanish basketball on national level finally succeeded in the 2006 World Cup in Japan. After victories against Serbia and Montenegro, Lithuania and Argentina in the eighth, quarter and semi-finals, they met in the final to Greece, which had previously turned the United States. In the final, defeated the Spaniards, especially with a very strong defensive performance, their opponents with 70:47 and won for the first time as the world title. To the best player of the tournament Pau Gasol was selected even though he could not participate in the final match due to injury, Jorge Garbajosa was also part of the All- Tournament team.
Squad of World Cup 2006
4 P. Gasol | 5 Fernandez | 6 Cabezas | Navarro 7 | 8 Calderón | 9 Reyes | 10 Jiménez | 11 S. Rodríguez | 12 B. Rodríguez | 13 M. Gasol | 14 Mumbrú | 15 Garbajosa | Trainer Hernández
Spain in 1935 in Geneva at the first European basketball championships. After victories against Belgium and Czechoslovakia, the team reached the final, where they lost Latvia with 18:24. In this sense of achievement was followed by a long dry spell, the result of the civil war (1936-1939) weakened the country could not for nine European Championship finals in a row to qualify, in 1959 it was back again and finally reached the 15th place. Since then, Spain has, however, always qualified and rose to become a regular fixture in the continental competition. 1963 Spain's former Star Emiliano Rodríguez was voted the best player of the tournament and 1973 followed the next medal, silver again. They lost four more times until the endgame (1983, 1999, 2003, 2007 ), an extraordinarily big disappointment was in 2007, Spain went, as the reigning world champion and host, my favorites in the tournament, reached the final, where they lost against the by Andrei Kirilenko listed with Russians 69:70. Spain's Pau Gasol missed it seconds before the end of a litter that would otherwise signifies the victory.
The spell was broken two years later at the 2009 European Championship in Poland. Through victory against France and Greece, the Iberians reached the final, where the young team of Serbia was defeated with 85:63. Pau Gasol was voted the best player of the tournament, Rudy Fernandez was part of the All- Tournament team.
Squad of the 2009 European Championship
4 P. Gasol | 5 Fernandez | 6 Rubio | Navarro 7 | 8 Claver | 9 Reyes | 10 Cabezas | 11 López | 12 Llull | 13 M. Gasol | 14 Mumbrú | 15 Garbajosa | Trainer Scariolo
At the European Championship 2011 in Lithuania the Spaniards managed to successfully defend the title. After victories over Slovenia and Macedonia surprise team in the quarter and semi-finals, they met in the final of the team from France, around Tony Parker and Nicolas Batum. The Spaniard prevailed with 98:85 and thus brought the second European title in a row. Juan Carlos Navarro was named MVP of the tournament and Pau Gasol elected to the All- Tournament team.
Squad of the European Championship 2011
4 P. Gasol | 5 Fernandez | 6 Rubio | Navarro 7 | 8 Calderón | 9 Reyes | 10 Claver | San Emeterio 11 | 12 Llull | 13 M. Gasol | 14 Ibaka | 15 Sada | Trainer Scariolo
Compared to the men, the ladies can look back mainly to success in continental competition. At Olympic Games it was previously represented three times, the best result here was the fifth place in 1992 and 2008. At World Championships seen five times in the final round, where they were qualified without interruption since 1994. The best result was winning the bronze medal in 2010.
Successful it ran for ladies of Spain at European basketball championships. In so far 15 Appearances in 1993 was the first major success to be celebrated. In Perugia, Italy, the Spanish team won the final against France with 63:53 and thus brought the gold medal. At Euro 2013, the Spaniards put again in the final against the home team France with 70:69. In addition, could be conquered four bronze and one silver medal.
Success in club competitions
In the 1958 inaugural European Champions Cup, which until 2001 the highest European competition for club teams, it was the Spanish team Real Madrid, the 1964 could break the dominance of teams from the Soviet Union and the first team from western Europe took the title. The coached by Pedro Ferrandiz team around stars like Emiliano Rodríguez, Clifford Luyk or Wayne Brabender won to 1974 a total of five titles. After a change of generation under coach Lolo Sainz, followed by two more victories in 1978 and 1980. Supporting player of that team were, among others, Juan Antonio Corbalán, Walter Szczerbiak, Fernando Romay, Iturriaga or Rafael Rullán. Even more Spanish teams began to draw attention to themselves in a row on the European stage. Joventut Badalona de won the 1994 title in the National Masters competition, FC Barcelona reached five times the final. Although the Spanish league is still regarded as one of the strongest in Europe, the success took at the highest level from since the founding of the ULEB Euro League. Although the FC Barcelona was in 2002/ 03 and 2009/10 to celebrate the title, and TAU Vitoria two finals reached (2000/ 01, 2004 /05), but mostly they stood in the shadow of Panathinaikos, CSKA Moscow and Maccabi Tel Aviv, which together seven times won the tournament.
Title profits Spanish clubs:
In the highest European club competition for women, the Euro League Women, could Dorna Godella Valencia twice celebrate the title, the successor club Ros Casares Valencia won another tournament, in four cases, the club was also in the finals ( 1994, 1995, 2007 and 2010 ). A title in the Euro League also maintains Perfumerias Avenida Salamanca ( 2011), the 2009 also reached the final. Also in the finale failed Pool Getafe in 1998 and Rivas Ecopolis in an all-Spanish final in 2012.
Title profits Spanish clubs:
- Euro League Women 1992: Dorna Godella Valencia
- 1993: Dorna Godella Valencia
- 2011: Perfumerias Avenida Salamanca
- 2012: Ros Casares Valencia
- Ronchetti Cup 1999: Caja Rural Las Palmas
- FIBA SuperCup Women 2011: Perfumerias Avenida Salamanca
Major Events in Spain
Due to the high audience interest to Spain competes on a regular basis for the organization of international basketball tournaments and finals. The following major events found, or in the near future, on Spanish soil instead:
- Mr. competitions Olympic Games: 1992
- World Championships: 1986, 2014
- European Championships: 1973, 1997, 2007
- European Champion Clubs' Cup: 1967, 1969, 1990, 1995, 1998
- ULEB Euro League: 2003, 2008, 2011
- European Cup Winners' Cup: 1977, 1983, 1996, 1999
- Eurocup: 2010
- Euro Challenge: 2007
- Women's Competitions Olympic Games: 1992
- European Championships: 1987
- Euro League Women: 1977, 1979, 1991, 1993, 2009, 2010
- Ronchetti Cup: 1986
Major Spanish players
- Men ( active time ) Emiliano Rodríguez (1956-1973): Twelve Multiple Spanish champion and nine-time Cup winner. Four European Cups as national champion, MVP of the finals in 1963 and 1964. MVP of the Basketball Championship in 1963 and 1969. Member of the FIBA Hall of Fame.
- Clifford Luyk (1958-1978): Fourteen Multiple Spanish champion and ten -time Cup winner. Six European Cups as national champion, MVP of the finals in 1965.
- Wayne Brabender (1965-1985): Three Ten Multiple Spanish champion and seven-time Cup winner. Four European Cups as national champion. MVP of the Basketball Championship in 1973.
- Juan Antonio Corbalán (1971-1991): Twelve Multiple Spanish champion and seven-time Cup winner. Three European Cups as national champion. MVP of the Basketball Championship in 1983.
- Fernando Romay (1976-1993): Eightfold Spanish champion and five-time Cup winner. Two European Cups as national champion. Runs with 677 blocks in the eternal leaderboard of the Spanish league.
- Fernando Martín (1979-1989): First of the NBA gedrafteter Spaniards (1985 ), first Spaniard and one of the first Europeans in the NBA ( 1986/87, Portland Trail Blazers ). Quadruple Spanish champion and two-time Cup winner. Member of the FIBA Hall of Fame.
- Juan Antonio San Epifanio "Epi " (1979-1994): Sevenfold Spanish champion and ten -time Cup winner. Performs with 3,358 points and 239 games to the respective all-time best lists of the Spanish national team.
- Ferran Martínez (1985-2002): Sevenfold Spanish champion and two-time Cup winner. Greek champion (1998). Won all international title of his time ( European Cup champions, European Cup Winners' Cup, Intercontinental, Korac Cup). MVP of the finals at the European Champions Cup in 1994.
- Alberto Herreros (1988-2005): Performs with 9,757 points and 1,233 turned three-point throws the respective all-time best lists of the Spanish Liga game. Top scorer of the World Cup 1998 (161 points) and the European Championship 1999 (173 points).
- Juan Carlos Navarro (since 1997). 2006 World Champion and European Champion 2009 Quintuple Spanish champion, three-time Cup winner. A title in the ULEB Euro League ( 2002/ 03). MVP of the ULEB Euro League in the 2008/ 09 season.
- José Calderón ( Since 1998 ): World Champion 2006 Holds with a free throw rate of 98.1 % (151 of 154, 2008/ 09) the all-time NBA record. . Highest rate in assists per lost possession of the NBA in the 2007/ 08 season.
- Pau Gasol (since 1999). Champion and MVP of the tournament in 2006, European champion and MVP de Tournament 2009 NBA Rookie of the Year 2001/02 NBA All- Star 2006, 2009 and 2010, the first Spanish NBA champion (2008/ 09, LA Lakers ). FIBA Europe Player of the Year in 2008 and 2009.
- Rudy Fernández ( Since 2002 ): FIBA Europe Young Player of the Year 2006, 2006 World Champion and European Champion 2009 Euro League Rising Star Trophy 2006 /07. .. Holds 159 transformed three-point hits (NBA Season 2008/ 09) the all-time rookie record. First Europeans in the NBA Slam Dunk Contest ( 2009).
- Ricky Rubio ( Since 2005 ): European Champion 2009 FIBA Europe Young Player of the Year in 2007, 2008 and 2009, the youngest debutant in the history of the Spanish league (14 years, 11 months and 24 days). ..
- Women ( active time ) Amaya Valdemoro ( Since 1992 ): The first Spaniard by a WNBA team drafted and debut (1998). Three time WNBA champion Houston Comets with the (1998, 1999, 2000). Six times Spanish champion, six-time Cup winner. Euro League Women title (1993). Russian champion and Cup winner (2006). MVP of the European Championship 2007. Record player and basket huntress of the Spanish national team.
- Elisa Aguilar ( Since 1994 ): Rookie of the Year of the Atlantic 10 Conference ( 2000). Played the 2002 season at the Utah Starzz. Four times Spanish champion and five-time Cup winner.
Major Spanish coach
- Pedro Ferrandiz (1955-1975): Won as coach of Real Madrid five European Cups as national champion, twelve Spanish championships and eleven cups. Founder of the International Center of Research and Documentation of Basketball ( Pedro Ferrandiz Foundation ). Member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame and the FIBA Hall of Fame.
- Antonio Díaz- Miguel (1963-1997): 27 years and 423 games long coach of the Spanish national team of men ( 1965-1992 ). Member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame and the FIBA Hall of Fame.
- Lolo Sainz (1969-2001): Two wins in the European Champions Cup. Ten Spanish championships and four Cups. Silver medal at the European Championships in 1999 with the Spanish national team.
- Aito Garcia Reneses ( Since 1969 ): Nine Spanish championships and five cup wins. Silver medal at the 2008 Olympic Games with the Spanish national team.
Members of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is the most famous Hall of Fame basketball. In her exceptional players, coaches, referees and supporters of the sport are included.
- Antonio Díaz- Miguel (since 1997, coach )
- Pedro Ferrandiz (since 2007, coach )
Members of the FIBA Hall of Fame
FIBA Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the Fédération Internationale de Basketball. In them the most outstanding basketball players, coaches, referees and promoters are added since 2007, concentrating primarily on the performance is evaluated in FIBA tournaments.
- Emiliano Rodríguez (since 2007, player)
- Fernando Martín (since 2007, player)
- Antonio Díaz- Miguel (since 2007, coach )
- Pedro Ferrandiz (since 2009, coach )
- Anselmo López (since 2007, sponsors )
- Raimundo Saporta (since 2007, sponsors )
- Ernesto Segura de Luna (since 2010, sponsors )
Spanish player in the NBA
The first Spaniard, and one of the first European who made the jump to the NBA, Fernando Martín was. He contested the 1986/87 season with the Portland Trail Blazers, where he, however, not least came only on 25 missions due to numerous injuries. The first Iberians, who was able to set it permanently, Pau Gasol was, which is active in the highest North American professional league since 2001. Also two or more seasons so far denied Raül López, José Calderón, Jorge Garbajosa, Sergio Rodríguez Gómez, Marc Gasol, Rudy Fernandez, Serge Ibaka and Ricky Rubio. At present (as of 2012/13 ) a total of six Spaniards in the squad an NBA team.
So far, 17 Spanish players were drafted by an NBA team. The first was Fernando Martín, who was selected in 1985 to the 38th of the New Jersey Nets. The player with the lowest pick is currently Pau Gasol, whose rights the Atlanta Hawks secured the third position in 2001.
Spanish players in the WNBA
The first Spaniards that first appeared in the WNBA, were Amaya Valdemoro (Houston Comets ) and Elisabeth Cebrián (New York Liberty ). So far, ten players have made the leap to the highest North American professional league, but were able to establish lasting only Valdemoro who played four seasons and three WNBA titles with the Houston Comets could conquer and Sancho Lyttle, who is active in the highest North American professional league since 2005.
So far, four Spaniards were drafted by a WNBA team. The first player was Amaya Valdemoro, which was selected at the WNBA Draft in 1998 at the 30th place of the Houston Comets. Pick reached its lowest Sancho Lyttle, who was selected in 2005 to the fifth position of the Comets.