Bass (voice type)
As Bass (from the Latin bassus "strong, plentiful "; Pl bass ) is called the deep, male singing voice. The label was formed out to the incipient polyphony, as they called the voice that held the cantus firmus, tenor, while the lowest circulating around the dissenting votes " Bassus " said.
The range of the bass voice ranges approximately from F (sometimes called " E" or " D" for example Osmin from " The Abduction from the Seraglio" and Baron Ochs from "Der Rosenkavalier" ) to f1 '. Bass Choirs Russian Orthodox churches ( called " Oktavisten " ) still sing about an octave lower, but in return have no upper register ( only to " c1 ").
Gustav Mahler to f1 listed in the final movement of his Symphony No. 2 for the bass voice of the choir a vocal range of 'B'.
A singer of these vocal range is simply called bass or bass player.
- Character Bass
- Serious bass
- Basso buffo, for comic opera roles
- Bass-baritone is a compartment between bass and baritone. He can be both deeper baritone roles (such as Scarpia or four villains from " Hoffmann's tale " ) as well as higher bass roles (eg Bartolo, van bed or Kaspar ) sing.
- Osmin, The Abduction from the Seraglio by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Don Alfonso, Così fan tutte by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Leporello, Don Giovanni by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Sarastro, The Magic Flute by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Don Basilio, The Barber of Seville by Gioachino Rossini
- Van bed, Mayor, Zar und Zimmermann by Albert Lortzingstraße
- Rocco Fidelio by Ludwig van Beethoven
- Kaspar, Der Freischütz by Carl Maria von Weber
- Boris Godunov, title role in the opera by Modest Mussorgsky
- Don Quixote, title role in the opera by Jules Massenet
- FIESCO, Simon Boccanegra by Giuseppe Verdi
- GURNEMANZ, Parsifal by Richard Wagner
- Hagen Götterdämmerung from the tetralogy Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner
- Philip II, Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi
- Elias, Elijah by Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy ( oratorio )
A number of significant bass singer is listed on the list of famous singers of classical music.