- Group 6: Run Scent hounds and related breeds
- Section 1: Hounds
- With working trial
The Basset Hound is one of the FCI recognized British breed (FCI Group 6, section 1.3, Standard No. 163).
Origin and History
The Basset Hound has apparently been described in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream. He is descended from an old French breed, the Basset d' Artois. His systematic breeding began in the 19th century: in 1866 the first pack was compiled, 1874, the first breeding imported from France and she was then in England, the feature of Bloodhound head. In 1883 he came to America, where he was regarded as an alien race to 1916. In 1957, the first officially recognized Basset litter was bred in Germany. Since then, the breed enjoys growing popularity there. It is particularly popular in Britain and the USA. In the 1970s, the Basset degenerated into a fashion dog with all the associated disadvantages. This is now past, with the result that the exaggerations in physique are slightly decreased.
The Basset is a small, up to 38 cm large but very massive (up to 35 kg) Hound of the pack of hunting. The coat is short and close, usually black - white - brown ( tri-color) or lemon - white ( bicolor), other hound colors are allowed. He has striking long ears.
The Basset Hound is not a very fast running dog, but despite its inertia, an avid hunter and small game with a good sense of smell. Today he finds as a family dog use.
The Basset is a sometimes stubborn, but consistently gentle and good-natured family dog, which quickly integrates into the rule and not be happy alone. Even compared to other dogs he behaves friendly and likes to play. He is intelligent and very trainable. His hunting instinct may be stronger or weaker, what you should not forget when walking.
Due to his physique ( long back and short legs ), it may Basset - as with other similarly constructed dogs - to disc problems, get in serious cases, paralysis. Furthermore, it can come in the winter because of the short legs to frostbite on the scrotum and on the foreskin. He is prone to chronic ear infections because of its long, drooping ears.