Batley is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, West Yorkshire. She had a total of 49 448 inhabitants in 2001 according to census.
Batley is first mentioned in 1100 as Bathelie in the Domesday Book and had then about 30 to 40 residents; until the end of the 14th century, the population of the village grew to about 100. A church is in Batley since the 12th century. The present church dates from the time of King Henry VI. (1422-1461), otherwise has received little buildings from the Middle Ages in the city. In the 1580s was Sir John Savile, one of the most important landed gentry of Yorkshire, the Howley Hall built as his country seat in Batley. 1611 was pastor William Lee build the Batley Grammar School, which still exists today. In the 1740s kept the Methodists catchment in Batley, which developed subsequently at a Methodist stronghold. Your influence, it is also attributable to that there are no pubs in some areas of the city.
Once the location was marked purely agricultural for centuries, began in 1796 with the first water-powered woolen spinning machine industrialization. The population began to rise sharply; in 1800 there were 2500 and 1851 already 9,308, including the neighboring towns of Morley, Churwell and Gildersome, who were now assigned to the parish Batley, even lived 17 359 people in Batley. Much of the population was now engaged in textile processing. 1832 Batley connection was to the highway road system, which zugutekam the sales of wool products. There were strikes again and again in the textile mills, they called Irish workers in the community, who settled there permanently. In the beginning, so that, even religiously motivated, connected tensions within the city, but soon subsided. 1870 were the Catholic Mary of the Angels also has its own church. 1848 Batley connection received on the railway network and 1853 also has its own City Hall - today dates from the year 1905 In 1868 Batley received its town charter as a municipal borough. .
1853 Michael Spedding opened a confectionery shop in Batley, which eventually developed under the name of Fox 's Biscuit, next to Tesco, one of the largest employers in the city. The specialized textile production, meanwhile, on so called shoddy goods, from old clothes recycled scraps of wool which was processed into sheets, towels and uniforms. In 1861 there were no less than 30 shoddy mills in Batley that the " shoddy barons ", helped some entrepreneurs to great wealth. Even the built in 1870 Zion Methodist Chapel became known as " shoddy temple ". 1907 Andrew Carnegie founded the city library. In addition to the textile industry, the coal mining played a certain role, which was operated in White Lee since the 16th century. In 1973 the last coal mine in Batley closed its doors.
After the Second World War, immigrated mainly Indians and Pakistanis who were in demand for cheap labor in the textile industry. Today, 23 % of the city population is of Asian origin. Many Asian specialty stores, restaurants, and six mosques are evidence of the presence of this population. As part of the municipal reform of 1974 Batley was assigned to the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees.
Sport and Culture
Batley is home of the Rugby Club Batley Bulldogs.
In the center of town is the Wilton Park, a park in which there is also a 1966 -built observatory and the Bigshaw Museum. The museum houses exhibits on the history of the city, the ancient Egyptian history and in the field of natural science; It is named after the first curator, Walter Bagshaw, the City Council of Batley was and has made long journeys. Another museum is the Yorkshire Motor Museum, will be exhibited in the old-timers, with the oldest cars dates back to 1885. In the public library has a permanent art exhibition, will be exhibited in the works of contemporary painters, sculptors and photographers. The Batley Variety Club has long been known throughout the region as a venue in which, inter alia, Johnny Mathis, Eartha Kitt, The Bee Gees, Roy Orbison, The Hollies and Cliff Richard have occurred; Today there is a night club.
- Joseph Priestley (1733-1804), chemist, went to school here
- Lawrence Rickard Wager (1904-1965), geologist, explorer and mountaineer, was born in Batley
- Hugh Garner (1913-1979), Canadian writer of British descent, was born in Batley
- Robert Edwards (1925-2013), physician and Nobel Prize winner, was born in Batley
- Robert Palmer (1949-2003), musician, was born in Batley