Bavans is a commune in the French department Doubs in the Franche -Comté.
Bavans is located at 330 m, about 6 km southwest of the town of Montbéliard (air line). The village is located on a terrace north of Doubstals across from Dampierre -sur -le- Doubs, southwest of Mont beard and on the northern edge of the outermost ridges of the Jura.
The area of 8.83 km ² municipal area comprises a portion of Doubstals. The southern boundary runs along the Doubs, the multiple turns in a about one kilometer wide flat Talniederung here flows to the west and is accompanied by the waterways of the Rhine- Rhone Canal. To the east of the municipality floor extends to the mouth of the Allaine in the Doubs. From the river, the municipality's area extends north across the floodplain and approximately 10 to 20 m high ground level to the terrace of Bavans (320 to 340 m ). To the north the terrace rises slightly before a wooded slope to the elongated ridge of Mont Bart over forwards. With 487 m of the Fort du Mont Bart is achieved the highest elevation of Bavans in the area. This forested mountain range forms the northern boundary of the municipality. Only in a narrow strip, the area extends down to the north adjoining valley of Présentevillers.
Neighboring communities of Bavans are Sainte-Marie and Présentevillers in the north, Bart in the east, Voujeaucourt, Berche, Dampierre -sur -le- Doubs and Étouvans in the south and Lougres in the West.
The territory of Bavans was inhabited in prehistoric times, which could be based on various findings, including a burial ground from the Bronze Age, proven. The site was probably founded in the 6th or 7th century by the Burgundians. Since the Middle Ages Bavans belonged to the County of Montbéliard. Through plague and the attack of the Guises largely depopulated end of the 16th century, settled in Bavans Protestant emigrants from Switzerland. With the occupation of the county of Montbeliard the village came in 1793 final in French hands. An economic boom occurred in the middle of the 19th century with the construction of the national road N463 from Montbéliard to Besançon. After the Franco-German War the same Fort was built as part of the fortification system Belfort -Montbéliard 1873-1877 on Mont beard. Today Bavans part of the community association Communauté d' AgglomÃ du Pays de Montbéliard.
The Reformed Church of Bavans was rebuilt in the 18th century in classical style and 1843/44 and 1920 restored. On the Mont Bart is the Fort du Mont Bart, which is preserved in its original state ( 1873-77 ) and offers a beautiful view of the region of Montbéliard.
With 3662 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) Bavans belongs to the medium-sized municipalities in the department of Doubs. Once the population has consistently had in the first half of the 20th century in the area of 970-1090 people, a striking population growth was recorded from 1950 to 1980. During this time, the population has quadrupled. Mid-1980s was achieved with around 4200 inhabitants the previous high. Since then, a decrease of slightly more than 10 % was recorded. Today, the settlement area of Bavans has grown together with those of Beard and Voujeaucourt.
Economy and infrastructure
Bavans was up to the early 20th century mainly by agriculture (crops, orchards and livestock ) and forestry embossed village. Since the 1970s, several industrial and commercial zones were created in the Doubs Valley along the main road. Here, companies in the sectors of logistics, research and development, transportation and construction settled. There are also numerous shops retailing. Meanwhile, the village has also changed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who do their work in the agglomeration Montbéliard.
The village has good transport links. It lies on the main road N463 that runs from Montbéliard to L' Isle- sur -le- Doubs and continue to Besançon. The nearest links to the A36 motorway is located at a distance of about 6 km. Another road connection with Présentevillers.
Aibre | Allondans | Bart | Bavans | Beutal | Bretigney | Désandans | Dung | Échenans | Issans | Laire | Lougres | Présentevillers | Raynans | Saint- Julien- lès -Montbéliard | Sainte -Marie | Sainte -Suzanne | Semondans | Le Vernoy
- Municipality in the department of Doubs
- Place in Franche -Comté