Bavarian People's Party

The Bavarian People's Party ( BVP ) was a German political party in the Weimar Republic.

After the Bavarian organization of the Centre had already played a special role during the Empire, the BVP founded leading members of the Bavarian Centre for Georg home in November 1918 in Regensburg Bavarian arm of political Catholicism. The decisive factor was the one the emphasis of federalism in contrast to the set center under Erzberger influence significantly Unitarian, on the other hand also in the assessment of the November Revolution significantly more conservative setting. However, the BVP represented mainly the interests of the bourgeoisie and possession of parts of the industry.

The BVP was represented from 1919 to 1933 the largest party in Bavaria and all state governments. She presented with Hugo Graf von Lerch and field Koefering and Schoenberg, Eugen Ritter von Knilling and Heinrich Held three times the Prime Minister. The BVP tried to exclude the SPD in the Bavarian politics; her right margin showed clear sympathies with anti-republican aspirations.

At the imperial level BVP made ​​for the election of the German National Assembly in 1919 an electoral alliance with the center and went until 1920, a fraction a community. After that, the relationship with the sister party, which expressed itself in the elections, inter alia, in their "competitive candidacies " deteriorated. 1925 was one of the BVP as opposed to the center, consequently, "Reich block " who supported the election of Paul von Hindenburg as Reich President. It was not until 1927 it came back to a rapprochement.

The taking place in Bavaria 1919-1932 state elections the BVP results achieved from 31.6 to 39.4 %. In imperial level, ie in the Reichstag elections ( 1920-1933 ), the BVP hovered in the range between 3.0 and 4.3% for the votes. The 1930 onset of strong upturn of the NSDAP did not hit the BVP in the same degree as other bourgeois parties (eg DNVP, DVP, DStP ) because they had a rural Catholic loyal voters with fixed milieu structures, the opposite of the emerging Nazi movement proved to be largely resistant.

After the seizure of the Nazi Party and the Bavarian government was immediately switched on 10 April 1933 and the possibilities of any action deprived party broke up on July 4, 1933.

After the Second World War, the CSU and the Bavarian Party were founded. You are programmatic in part be seen as successors of the BVP. However, the CSU is not an exclusive continuation or successor party to the BVP, as they as of 1945 most of the German national camp in Bavaria ( Bavarian middle party in the Weimar Republic, the Bavarian branch of the DNVP ), parts of the Bavarian Farmers' Federation, as well as parts of the urban liberal has absorbed bourgeoisie. The same was true for the Bayern party whose supporters has come partly from the BVP- bearing, partly from the Farmers' Union.


Heinrich Himmler was from 1919 to 1923 member of the BVP.