Template: Infobox city in Turkey / Maintenance / County
Bayburt is a Turkish city in northeastern Anatolia, on the banks of Çoruh River. It is also the capital of the province of Bayburt. Its population is 35 947 (2012 ).
The other counties of the province next to Bayburt are Demirözü and Aydintepe.
The garrison town of Bayburt was on the Silk Road, and was ruled by many nations, for example, by the Urartian, Armenian, Persian, Roman Empire and the Seljuks. It was renamed in the course of its history several times.
The Mongols were here in 1364 by Alexios III. , The Emperor of Trebizond defeated. 1462 fought here, the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II against the Turkish -born Akkoyunlu. 1825, the city was completely destroyed by an invasion of the Russians, but rebuilt. Erzurum and Bayburt formerly belonged to after the founding of the Republic of Turkey in 1923 the province Gümüşhane, but got back in 1989 province status.
Worth seeing are the bathhouses of Bent, Ali Singah, Paşaoğulları and Pulur, the Great Mosque ( Ulu Cami ) of Bayburt, the mosques of Kutluk Bey, Pulur and Yukarı Hınzevrek, hard, the ruins of Ksanta and Varzahan, Meydan, the Korgan Bridge that Türben of Taşhan and Şehit Osman.
The Bayburt Kalesi castle is located within the city on a rocky outcrop above the Çoruh. The present building is an Ottoman fortress with Seljuk predecessor: The enclosing wall has been restored by the Turkish Department of Antiquities. From the Castle Hill come Iron Age sherds, suggesting a Urartian predecessor.
Along the Çoruh be found in mines, in which various metals mined and marketed via Bayburt.
Miscellaneous / Cultural
A well-known visitors to the city Bayburt was Marco Polo. On his trip to China, he lingered in Bayburt. He tells of the silver mines in the area. The Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi visited Bayburt.
In Bayburt are the alleged grave and the home of Dede Korkut, a migrated from Central Asia to Anatolia saints. In the tales of Dede Korkut, which are among the highlights of the Turkish literary history, the events of that time are told in fabulous shape. Since Bayburt in the narrative plays a role here every year is celebrated the feast of Dede Korkut. The stories date back to the 12th century. The year 1999 was declared by UNESCO as ' Dede Korkut Year'. Even abroad, found many celebrations and events held in honor of Dede Korkut.
In Bayburt the old Turkish Horse Play Cirit ( Cavgan ) is still played. The Turks brought the game from Central Asia to Anatolia. Horses have always been sacred animals for the Turkic peoples.
On February 21, the Liberation Day is celebrated.
The University of Bayburt is located in the center of the city. It includes faculties of engineering, arts, sciences and management sciences as well as several vocational schools.
M. Mollamahmutoglu is the founder and President of the University and is in his office since 15 September 2008.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Hovhannes XI. Bayburt, Archbishop and Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople Opel
- Krikor Amirian, Armenian commander of the Ottoman Army
- Suat Türker, football player
- Murat Kalkan, football player