Kai Mueller- Eberstein
The Bayerische Oberland Bahn GmbH (BOB, European vehicle owners BOBY code ) is a private railway undertakings (RUs ) of the railway company Veolia Transport, headquartered in wooden churches and operating plant in Lenggries. Your routes connect the city of Munich with the situated in the Bavarian Alps Bavarian cell terminals, Lenggries and Tegernsee. Since these routes are not electrified south of wooden churches, run diesel railcars across the network. Since 15 December 2013, the BOB also operates under the brand name Meridian electric regional trains in E network Rosenheim between Munich, Salzburg and Kufstein. The BOB is a member of the collective organization of the federal treasury and non-federally owned railways in Germany ( TBNE ).
The BOB serves the following railway lines:
- Munich - wooden churches
- Wooden Churches - Schliersee Schliersee - and Bavarian Zell
- Wooden Churches - Schaftlach - Lenggries
- Schaftlach -Tegernsee
The three railway lines lead initially on the earlier of the Bavarian Maximilian train together from Munich Central Station south to wooden churches. There branches off one of the lines from the east and via Miesbach and Schliersee to Bavarian Zell. The other two lines separate to the south of the wooden churches in Schaftlach. A line leading towards southwest over Bad Tolz to Lenggries, the other to southeast, Tegernsee. The Tegernsee line makes use of the range of Tegernseebahn, which belongs to the municipality of Gmund am Tegernsee Tegernsee and the city.
Most trains consist of wooden churches from Munich to three units coupled together. In wooden churches of the train is winged for the first time, in Schaftlach a second time. On the way back to Munich the railcar in Schaftlach and wooden churches are reconnected. Between Munich and wooden churches in the BOB trains on the tariff of the Munich Transport and Tariff Association applies.
BOB was founded on 31 March 1998. Presented to her on November 29, 1998 to operate on. Admission as RU on 10 March 1998. The tender of the railway line was to create more competition in rail transport in Bavaria. In the early days the BOB frequently came because of technical problems with the then still very unreliable "Integral " trains in the headlines, now these problems have largely been resolved. Since the beginning of July 2004, three "talent" multiple units as an amplifier in the rush hours in use at the BOB.
The daily number of passengers increased from 4,500 in the first year to 13,000 in 2004, an increase of 200 percent over the forecast.
The German train stopped on competition grounds from 1 March 2002, accounting for 50 percent of the company. In early 2004 they were back in the context of an option these shares to Connex.
In 2012, the further operation of the routes in the uplands for the period December 2013 to December 2024 was announced by the Bavarian Railway Company. After initially both the BOB and the DB Regio had competed for the contract, the DB moved in May 2012 back from the tender because they would thus assume the rolling stock must. In September 2012, the award went to the BOB, whose services will be expanded both in commuter traffic as well as to the main trip times after the new contract.
Since the timetable change in December 2013, the Bayerische Oberland Bahn operated under the brand Meridian additional lines Munich - wooden churches - Rosenheim and Munich - Rosenheim - Salzburg / Kufstein.
The lines are regularly every hour (with additional amplifiers trains) operated, but have since 12 December 2004 Symmetry time that 5-6 minutes later than usual on the majority of Central European routes, so that the transfer times from other tracks around 10 to 12 minutes longer than in the opposite direction.
The BOB operates its own ticket machines. Also at the DB machines you can buy tickets for the route network of the BOB - but at prices that can be set more than 30 % higher than the BOB. While the DB public transportation tickets are dated to a particular day of travel, the single BOB tickets are undated and have to be necessarily validated before boarding the train. In addition, tickets will be sold to BOB - ticket machines that are valid both in the features of the BOB as well as in the transport of the MVV interior.
The company won several awards in the early years - so chose approximately 2003, the Stiftung Warentest, the company one of the best German railway companies.
The Bayerische Oberland Bahn lies with the quality ranking of the Bavarian Railway Company (BEG ) since 2009 consistently negative, 2013, it was ranked 13 out of 15 train operators. The Bavarian railway company called the BOB after the poor showing in the quality ranking 2013 as the "current problem child in the Bavarian regional traffic. " As reasons a significant deterioration in punctuality apply since the timetable change in December 2013, problems with ticket machines, which led to increased fare information, and insufficient customer communication. The punctuality problems are due to the fact that since December 2013 integral drive units on the lines of the BOB, which are not optimized for quick coupling, as is required for the wing sections. The trainsets were brought from other railway companies of Veolia Group to Bavaria without being adapted to the conditions there. Because of the massive problems for the first time fall on penalties, but the BEG announced that they will also examine further sanctions.
The trains are heavily used not only during the week at peak times in the commuter and school traffic, but also the excursion traffic in the Upper Bavarian hiking ( bus connections in Lenggries and Tegernsee direction Karwendel, Achensee and Rofan ) and ski resorts ( Wendelstein, Sudelfeld, Brauneck, Spitzing ) at the weekend is of great importance. Especially in the winter when competing at sunset very many day at the same hour of the return trip, the load limit is often exceeded. The single-track line network has too few alternatives. Some of them were removed only at the end of the 20th century. Therefore, the transport capacity can be increased little, so that the peak capacity today lags far behind the level of the 1960s, when up to six special trains in the evening went on winter weekends in the morning after Bavarian Zell and back to Munich.