A Campanile (derived from Italian campana, bell) is a freestanding building next to a church bell tower, which is not integrated in the same. In Italy, Lithuania and the free-standing arrangement of the church tower is relatively common.
The best known Campanile applies the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Are known on the Campanile of Venice ( St. Mark's Tower ) and Giotto's Campanile of Florence Cathedral and the Campanile of St. Stanislaus Cathedral in Vilnius.
In Germany, for new buildings of the post-war period often free-standing arrangement to find, sometimes due to the fact that the tower cost reasons was added thereto until later. Previously it was customary in Germany to build the bell tower at the church building or to integrate it. There were very few exceptions, such as the churches of Reinhold Persius and the Red Tower in Halle ( Saale), which was built by St. Mary's community and complements the four towers of the church market. Furthermore you will find in Germany special forms from the Campanile, who came through historical events about. Example of this is the Schwäbisch Gmünd bell tower, which was built after the collapse of the towers of the Holy Cross Cathedral in 1497 in a residential tower next to the church building.
Giotto's Campanile in Florence
Cathedral of Saint Stanislaus in Vilnius
Modern building with free-standing tower (St. Konrad, Karlsruhe)
The Red Tower in Halle, before the Händeldenkmal and in the background the Market Church
The 1228 built as a residential tower bell tower of the Holy Cross Cathedral with the lion fountain in the foreground
Campanile of the Collegiate Church Obermünster in Regensburg
- Design ( bell tower )