Bellville is a city in the southeast of the province of Córdoba in Argentina. It is the capital of the department of Unión and has about 35,000 inhabitants.
The city is located on the Ruta Nacional 9 and the railway line that connects Córdoba with Rosario.
Geography and climate
The city lies on the Rio Ctalamochita or Río Tercero, which is navigable at the point for medium size boats. Geographically, the area belongs to the Pampa Húmeda, the wetter part of the Pampa level. The climate is temperate and humid, with 17 ° C average temperature and 800 mm of precipitation per year.
In 1650, the Estancia Nuestra Señora de la Pura y Limpia Concepción was built on the territory of today's Bellville, at a place that was uninhabited before, but under the name of Fraile Muerto was known because at the point the body of a presumably by a predator priest was found slain. North of the Estancia was a ford across the River Ctalamochita.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the area was determined by the fighting between Unitarians and Federalists. Only in the second half of the 1860s the boom began in the area with the construction of the railway line between Rosario and Córdoba. It settled settlers, under which the Scot Ricardo Bell pioneered. According to him, finally, the town was named in 1872 by the then President Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, since this supposedly the name Fraile Muerto not fit.
From this point, more and more European immigrants settled on the place. 1908 Bellville received city rights.
The economy is dominated by agriculture and industry. Around Bellville soy, wheat, corn and sunflowers are grown and operated cattle; the products are processed in the city. Furthermore, the production of soccer balls is significant: In Bellville of modern football was invented in 1931 with air chamber and valve. Previously, the air had been let into a pig's bladder, which was knotted after inflation.
In Bellville 1954, the football player Mario Kempes was born, who is one of the most famous in the country after Diego Maradona. He was a football coach in the 1990s and is now sports analyst for the TV channel ESPN.