Benedetto Aloisi Masella
Benedetto Aloisi Masella attended the seminar of Ferentino and the Capranica College, he studied at several universities of Rome, the subjects philosophy and Catholic theology. On 1 June 1902 he received by his uncle, Cardinal Gaetano Aloisi Masella, the sacrament of Holy Orders. After further studies, he joined in 1906 in the diplomatic service of the Vatican and first worked in the Vatican Secretariat of State. From 1908 to 1919 he was a member of the Apostolic Nunciature in Portugal.
On December 21, 1919 received Benedetto Aloisi Masella by Pietro Gasparri Cardinal consecrated bishop and was Apostolic Nuncio in Chile and Titular Archbishop of Caesarea in Palestine. 1927 Pope Pius XI appointed him. Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil and took him as a cardinal priest with the titular church of Santa Maria in Valicella in the College of Cardinals, and was made at the June 21, 1948, Cardinal Bishop of Palestrina. 1946 Masella represented the Pope at the celebrations for the coronation of Our Lady of Fatima. Pope Pius XII. appointed him in 1954 as prefect of the Congregation for the order of the sacraments, which he headed until 1968.
On October 9, 1958 he became Camerlengo of Holy Roman Church, and thus led the Vatican's administration during the Sedisvakanzen of 1958 and 1963. During the years 1962 to 1965 Cardinal Masella took part in the Second Vatican Council.
Benedetto Aloisi Masella died on September 30, 1970 in Rome and was buried in the Cathedral of Pontecorvo.