Benjamin Eggleston ( born January 3, 1816 in Corinth, Saratoga County, New York, † February 9, 1888 in Cincinnati, Ohio ) was an American politician of the Republican Party. From 1865 to 1869 he was a member of the House of Representatives of the United States for the 1st Congressional District of the State of Ohio.
Benjamin Eggleston was born in Corinth. There he attended the public schools. In 1831 he moved with his parents in Hocking County to Ohio. Later he moved to Cleveland and worked on a Narrowboat. Later he himself owned several boats. In 1845 he settled in Cincinnati. He was then elected chairman of the City Council. In 1860 he was for his party a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Chicago. From 1862 to 1865 he was a member of the State Senate.
In 1865 he was elected for his party as a representative of the 1st district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives. There he served until 1869. He was not up to Wiederwahla, and was succeeded by Democrat Peter W. Strader. From 1880 to 1881 he sat again in the Senate of Ohio.
He died in 1888 in Cincinnati and was buried at Spring Grove Cemetery.