Berengar I of Italy

Berengar I of Friuli (c. 840; † April 7 924 in Verona) was emperor 915-924 and King of Italy in the years 888-889, 896-901 and 905-924. Thus, it belongs to the " National kings ".


He was one of ten children of Unruochingers Eberhard († 866), Margrave of Friuli, and his wife Gisela († 874), daughter of Emperor Louis the Pious.

Since 874 he succeeded his father as Margrave of Friuli.

After the deposition of Charles the Fat Berengar I. 888 was crowned by the Bishop Anselm of Milan, Pavia king of the Lombards. However, when the East Frankish king Arnulf was advancing with an army, Berengar did obeisance to Trent as King of Italy. And Berengar 889 was by his opponent, Duke Wido III. of Spoleto, at the Trebia defeated ( Wido was 891 by Pope Stephen V crowned Emperor ). After his death in 894 the Ostfranke Arnulf settled again over the Alps and occupied northern Italy. After deduction of Arnulf 895 Berengar fell back from him and shared with Widos son, Emperor Lambert, Duke of Spoleto, rule over Upper and Central Italy. After Lambert's dismissal of 896 (died 898) and Arnulf's death 899 Berengar attempted to take possession of the entire Lombard kingdom.

Berengar's position was seriously threatened by the defeat against Hungary on the Brenta 899 in their incidence 899/900 and therefore was Ludwig, King of Lower Burgundy, summoned to Italy and 901 proclaimed emperor.

905 could Berengar Ludwig displace, by capturing him at one of his campaigns, while Italy left him blind in Verona. Berengar was, however, only 915 crowned by Pope John X. emperor.

Continuous riots caused him to create; their instigators, the Marquis of Ivrea, Tuscany and the Bishop Lambert of Milan, contributed 919 King Rudolf II of Upper Burgundy to the Crown of Italy.

Rudolf struck on 29 July 923 Berengar Fiorenzuola near Piacenza complete, and when the latter called on Hungary to help, he alienated thereby also the few who had remained faithful to him. Even in Verona, which had always stood by him, there was a conspiracy. Berengar I was murdered on April 7, 924 in Verona.

Marriage and issue

Berengar was first marriage for about 880/890 with Bertila of Spoleto ( † before December 915 ), daughter of Duke Suppo II, Count of Camerino, with whom he had three children. The eldest daughter of this marriage was again with Adalbert I, Margrave of Ivrea, married. This connection came from Berengar II second wife he married before December 915 Anna, who died after May 936; this marriage remained childless.

Berengar's children were:

  • ∞ NN daughter, nephew of the Bishop of Vercelli Liutvard
  • Gisela (* probably 880/885, † probably 910/915 ) ∞ ago 900 Adalbert I the Rich († probably 923 ), Margrave of Ivrea
  • Bertha ( † after 952) 915 Abbess of San Salvatore in Brescia