The Bergvall System is a tournament format, based on the knockout system. Developed by the Swedish water polo player Erik Bergvall system came at the Olympic Games in water polo in 1912, 1920 and 1924 are used. At the games in Antwerp in 1920, it was also used in ice hockey soccer and tug of war.

Differences to the knockout system

The Bergvall system assumes that only the first place winner can be determined reliably by a pure knockout system. To identify other relevant places, more games are needed. These play in Bergvall system, all teams that were eliminated from the finishers, again in the knockout system for second place. To play the third place again, all teams in the knockout system, which were inferior to the runner-up, both in the main round, as well as in the round for second place. According to this scheme, other placements can be played.


In Bergvall system are compared to similar knockout systems such as the double- knock -out system needed fewer games to play out further placements, for a tournament attracts but for everyone involved in the length because the competitions can only be played one after the other and after an early failure in the first tournament re- use in a later tournament placement are possible - but by no means certain. In addition, this tournament format is contrary to the usual request to the competition format, that the decision to win the tournament - to ensure the voltage - should fall at the end of a tournament.


  • Competition System
  • Olympic games