The Beriev Be -1 (Russian Бериев Бе -1 ) was a jet powered ground effect vehicle of the Soviet Beriev manufacturer. It was written at the suggestion of Robert Bartini. The first flight took place in 1961, after Bartini Beriev in 1956 pointed to the possibilities of utilization of ground effect. The jet engine used was a Tumanski RU- 19, which was positioned behind the support surface. In order to simplify the tests, a suspension was mounted so that it was an amphibian. The experiments lasted until 1964 and were so successful that they began to design larger types.