The Beriev Be -30 (Russian Бериев Бе -30) is an aircraft of the Soviet Beriev manufacturer. It is a cantilever shoulder-wing monoplane. The first flight with radial engines took place on 3 March 1967. The first flight with turbines was completed on 13 July 1968.
Due to the development of a country by the aircraft actually specialized in flying boats Beriev OKB was the decision by Nikita Khrushchev in the 1960s, set the development of flying boats. The development objective was to create a type of aircraft that should replace the patterns Antonov An-2, Lissunow Li -2 and Ilyushin Il -14. On 8 July 1967, the prototype was presented in Domodedovo.
The machine manufactured entirely of metal is driven by two Turboproptriebwerken that were attached to the wing leading edge. The wing was fitted with slightly negative dihedral on the outer wing pieces. The spar was milled. In addition, chemical methods were used. The removable nose wing consisted of a bonded structure. The wing was made about half a sandwich honeycomb core construction. To improve the slow flight characteristics double-slit flaps were used. The machine has STOL capabilities. The tricycle landing gear was retractable. Wings, tail and the air intakes were heated by engine bleed air to prevent ice build-up. The windscreen and the three-leaf propellers 3 m in diameter had an electrical heating system. There have been attempts to link both engines through a shaft with one another, so as to achieve a better handling of the machine with an engine failure during the critical takeoff and landing phase. The system has been tested but not used in the series. Power was provided by two three-phase generators of 32 kW in the 200 V power supply. The cabin, which had its own passenger stairs was air-conditioned. In a high-density seating and the omission of a luggage carrier up to 20 passengers can be carried.
The avionics was sufficient to fly in all weather conditions. Autopilot and ILS were standard. The Be -30 in addition possessed a system that automatically compensates for the effects of cross winds during take-off and landing.
The Be -30 was in direct competition with the Antonov An - 28th In a comparison flying for Aeroflot both types cut from good, but there were no major orders. The Aeroflot decided to use the Let L- 410. Thus, only three series machines were produced. Between 1967 and 1976, numerous attempts have been carried out with them. The machine was redesigned in details and received the designation Beriev Be -32.