Bernau im Schwarzwald
Bernau in the Black Forest is a municipality in the district of Waldshut in Baden- Württemberg.
- 3.1 municipal
- 4.1 Museums
- 4.2 Sport
- 6.1 Sons and daughters of the town
Bernau is located in a high valley in the Black Forest, south of Feldberg and west of the Schluchseewerk. The municipality comprises the valley of the Bernauer Alb, a source stream of the Alb, and extends from 800 meters above sea level up to 1415 meters high Herzogenhorn.
The municipality is bordered to the north by the municipality of Feldberg, on the east by Menzenschwand as well as to the city of St. Blaise, in the south of Ibach, in the southwest on dead moss and on the west by the city Todtnau in the district of Lörrach.
The municipality Bernau in the Black Forest include the town parts Altenrond, Bernau village with Goldbach, Bernau -Hof, Bernau- Innerlehen, Bernau- Riggenbach with Schwendele, Gass, Imperial House, Weierle, upper and lower fief fief.
The annual rainfall is 1919 mm. The rainfall is in the top percent of the monitoring stations of the German Weather Service. About 99 % indicate lower values. The driest month is September; most rains in December. The wettest month falls about 1.9 times more rainfall than the driest month. The seasonal fluctuations in precipitation are in the upper third. In over 95 % of all places in the monthly rainfall varies less. The temperatures are quite cool with -2.5 ° C in January and 13.9 ° C in July, and in the morning lower temperatures than on the Feldberg are usually measured in Bernau. The place is one of the snowiest regions of the Black Forest. Here, the snow almost 2 m was high in winter 2006.
The settlement of the present municipal area began in the late 11th century with clearing and construction of courts by lay brothers of the monastery of St. Blaise. The first mention was made in 1157 on the occasion of the dedication of a chapel in the district court. With the secularization of the monastery of St. Blaise 1806, the centuries-old monastery rule and at the same time the membership ended at the front of Austria, the place came to the newly created Grand Duchy of Baden.
1934, four independent municipalities of Bernauer Valley, Bernau- Innerlehen ( with Riggenbach and Schwendele ), courtyard, Bernau village with Goldbach and Bernau- Except feudal united ( with the Imperial House, Altenrond, Upper fief, Gass, sub fiefs and Weierle ) to the municipality Bernau. Since then, the community has remained essentially unchanged, even on the Baden-Württemberg territorial reform in the 1970s away. The renaming in Bernau in the Black Forest on 1 January 1999.
The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following distribution of seats:
Culture and sights
- The Hans -Thoma- art museum displays paintings, prints and other works and documents by Hans Thoma. In addition, the museum presents works of the respective Hans -Thoma- prize winner, as well as Karl Hauptmann.
- The local museum Resenhof, decorated in a 1789 built the Black Forest farm, provides an insight into the life and work of the people in the Bernauer high valley of the 19th century.
Nearly 100 kilometers of well -marked hiking trails, the 900 meter high and eight -kilometer-long high valley for hikers. The friends of Nordic walking are offered specially designated routes and mountain bikers find ways almost any level of difficulty. A flight school offers courses in paragliding.
Even on winter sports, everything is almost possible, downhill, slalom, snowboarding, and sledding. Five ski lifts, as well as a professional ski school of the German Ski Instructors Association are the Friends of the Alpine sports available. For cross country skiers there are several groomed trails, depending on snow conditions up to 32 kilometers in length.
In place of the football club FC Bernau, Bernau the Skizunft SZ and the tennis club TC Bernau exist. In winter, in Bernau and Todtmoos regular sled dog race with international involvement.
Economy and infrastructure
Traditionally lived Bernauer of agriculture and forestry and wood processing. Especially the wood carving has a long tradition. The main products were in the winter months initially utilitarian objects such as wooden spoon, wooden vessels, chip baskets and boxes. Later, wooden toys and craft items were added.
The sometimes extreme and erosion-prone slopes made agriculture difficult, low yields and virtually non- mechanized. So already set in early, in the 1930s, the structural change one that amplifies continued after the Second World War - away from agriculture and toward tourism. The snow-sure location of the Black Forest allows nearly year-round tourist season. 1960, the first ski lift was put into operation today (2006 ) there are six lifts, including two floodlit and four with snowmaking equipment.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Hans Thoma (1839-1924), painter and graphic artist, was born in Upper fief, grew up there and was appointed in 1909 an honorary citizen of Bernau.
- Koepfer Ernst (1878-1954), skiing pioneer and founder of the company Karl topper sons