Bethesda is a census -designated place in Montgomery County, Maryland. The settlement is located immediately northwest of Washington, DC and is a popular residential suburb of the Federal Capital. The name comes from a church, the Bethesda Meeting House (1820 ), which was named after the cistern Bethesda in Jerusalem. In Bethesda are the campus of the National Institutes of Health ( NIH ) and the National Library of Medicine and the National Naval Medical Center, and other government bodies.
Bethesda is one of the wealthiest and most educated communities in the country. The business magazine Forbes lists the church as one of the best small American cities in the area of education.
As an unincorporated area Bethesda has no official boundaries. According to the U.S. Census Bureau in 2010, the municipality has a total population of 60 858 inhabitants.
Between 1805 and 1821 a toll road endorse, called the Washington and Rockville Turnpike evolved into today's settlement area. On this road tobacco and other goods between Georgetown, Rockville and Frederick was transported. On this road a small settlement formed around a shop and a tollgate was born. 1862 was called the settlement " Darcy 's Store " after the shopkeeper William E. Darcy. 1871 called the then Postmaster Robert Franck around the place in Bethesda. The name comes from the Presbyterian Church Bethesda Meeting House, which was built in 1820.
During the 19th century, Bethesda was a transit point. There is a post office, a blacksmith shop, a church and a school was built. There were also small housing estates and small shops.
After the construction of a tram line to Washington in 1890, the town began to grow around 1900. In the following decades, state institutions were added, as in the 1940s, the National Institutes of Health and the National Naval Medical Center,. "Flagship" of medical care and research the United States Navy Numerous companies, especially in the health sector, settled here. Also arms companies such as Lockheed Martin and the hotel group Ritz- Carlton selected as Bethesda headquarters.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the census -designated place on an area of 34 km ². Of these, 0.26 km ² in the water. The main thoroughfare Maryland Route 355, also known as Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda performs. This route connects Washington, D.C. with Frederick, Maryland.
Economy and infrastructure
The following companies are headquartered in Bethesda:
- Coventry Health Care
- Youth for Understanding
Bethesda North of Interstate 495 runs ( Capital Beltway ), which as a ring motorway once to Washington, DC, runs. The nearest airports are Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Arlington County, Virginia, the Dulles International Airport in Fairfax County, Virginia, and the Baltimore - Washington International Airport in Baltimore, Maryland.
The Red Line of the Washington Metro operates two breakpoints at Bethesda. There is also a bus service on the transport network of Montgomery County.
About the Vamoose bus company bus and gonorrhea bus there is a daily bus service to New York City.