Betondorp (concrete Village ) is a neighborhood in the district of Amsterdam Oost ( North Holland ) and was built as an experiment in public housing in the early 1920s. In January 2009, the district had 3080 inhabitants.
After the First World War there was a huge housing shortage in Amsterdam. Building materials were expensive and there was hardly experienced construction workers. The result was at that time the idea of building homes made of concrete. In the district of " Tuindorp Watergraafsmeer ", was one of the Betondorp, became a part of the dwellings of brick, and built the other part is made of concrete. Ten architects designed 900 council flats. The first of these could be purchased in late 1923. The "village " is laid out in a star-shaped manner with as the center of the Place de Brink. The buildings around the square are listed buildings ( Rijksmonument ). For 10 million guilders early 1970s 522 apartments were thoroughly renovated. The street name of the district symbolize the rural (village ) character, so " Graanstraat " (cereals road ), " Oogststraat " ( Harvest Road ), " Landbouwstraat " ( farming road ) or " Veeteeltstraat " ( cattle road).
In the beginning, not everyone could live in Betondorp. The church rented the apartments primarily to officials and workers with vocational training. There were no churches and no gastronomy.
To Betondorp heard the neighborhood park district de sea, which was built in 1999. It had about 2,000 inhabitants, of which 30 % are foreign citizens in January 2011. In the district there are several sports fields, cemeteries Nieuw Oosterbegraafsplaats and De nieuwe Ooster, a community center for the residents, a library and a primary school.
Produced famous personalities are born or grew up in Betondorp including: Johan Cruyff, Ed van der Elsken, Bobby Haarms, Gerard van het Reve, Willeke van Ammelrooy and Leo van Wijk.