The Coasters ( also beer plates, beer mats ) usually serves as a base for beer glasses and beer mugs. Round coasters have default spreads a diameter of 107 millimeters, but are also square coasters in Germany. They are 1.2 mm to 1.5 mm thick, weighing between 5 g and 10 g and are usually made of cardboard.
In the 19th century the richer people drank the beer from beer Seideln with caps of tin or silver. Easier people used jars without lids. As coasters were then felts, the so-called beer mats. Drank beer in the open air, then put this one felt at the pitcher, so that no vermin and no leaves contaminated the beer. From this function, the name of covering coasters comes. These beer mats were usually wet and favored the growth of bacteria, so they were quite unsanitary. Added to this was the problem of their reuse. The wet beer mats were collected from the operation again when clearing and Bierfilzständern, inserts or imbricate lined up to air dry.
1880 punched the cardboard factory and printing Friedrich Horn in Buckau near Magdeburg beer coasters from cardboard and printed different designs on. Finally, Robert Sputh invented in Dresden in 1892 the forerunner of today's beer cap, the so-called Holzfilzplatten or Faserguß coaster in which the pulp was filled into round molds and dried. This Holzfilzplatten already had a diameter of 107 millimeters, were 5 mm thick and were produced in the Sputhmühle in Central Village.
Round coasters with a diameter of 110 mm and a thickness of 4-8 mm let out a so-called beer Teller Machine. This machine processed a pulpy Pappmasse and was 1930-1960 used in Germany, but did not sit down ultimately.
1903 Casimir Otto Katz began in the Murg Valley, industrially produce the modern common coasters from local spruce wood pulp board. They are made from fresh spruce. Its long fibers are very absorbent. From the tree trunks, a slurry is produced, which you then cut off the water. In 2003, 10 million pieces were produced per day. The Baden-Württemberg Katz Group delivered in their best times annually 3.5 billion coasters and thus held a market share of 75%. However, they had to file in April 2009 due to the decline in beer consumption insolvency. Koehler Paper Group took over in October 2009, the company Katz. At today's successor KATZ GmbH & Co. KG in the way Bach beer coasters in 6- color offset printing were printed in the parallel printing.
The CDU politician Friedrich Merz introduced in 2003 under the slogan " coasters control " its approach to tax reform before. The tax return should therefore be shortened so that it fits on a beer mat.
- Beer plate
- Bierfilz ( in Old Bavaria, Upper Franconia and Bavarian Swabia, Franconia is still the " Bierfilzla " the speech )
- Bierfuiz, Bierfuizl ( common name in Bavaria )
- Bierplattl (rare in Austria )
- BGU = Beer Coasters
- Promotional Coasters
The main purpose
Main purpose Coaster is the condensation ( which is formed by the warm ambient air on the outside of the cold beer glass and runs down) to absorb as possible before ( or when) it drips from the glass (if it is lifted and tilted for drinking ).
To make notes of the innkeeper on a beer mat handwrite the amount and type of the dispensed to the guest drinks and delivered food, these records later the basis of his statement, he thus represents an instrument within the meaning of substantive criminal law pursuant to § 267 paragraph 1 StGB ago. This also applies to beer mats, on which the beverage consumption is recorded with pencil marks (see answer for ). The other functions Coaster are urged by its instrument function in the background. It meets all the requirements of the certificate term, notably embodies in evidence own Direction form a written statement and lets the issuing innkeeper from the external circumstances recognize. As an instrument he now exerts an evidentiary function, which is equivalent to the one invoice. However, the coaster is an invoice not a prerequisite for the development or for the due date of the payment claim of the innkeeper. The contract for the supply of food and drink has been previously concluded orally, so that is already established with the contract, which payment obligations exist or will arise. A bill does not require it for the development of performance obligations therefore; the coaster is true because of the - mostly from the outset not fixed - delivery volumes as proof of successively ordered food and drinks. Adverse changes denied by the guest thereto should be considered as forgery ( § 267 para 1 of the Criminal Code ), a disappearance or destruction Coaster suppression of documents as criminal offense ( § 274 Paragraph 1 No. 1 of the Criminal Code ).
- Through his imprint he serves as an advertising medium.
- Spread of sense or aphorisms or quotations.
- Make a note of the beverage consumption at the inn table by the operator, such as strokes
- Cover letter can ( in the Rhineland, " a cover make " ): By keeping one labeled " unpaid " beer mat, with dashes, or a sum of money, give some hosts their regular customers to defer payment
- In some breweries and countries placed on the glass coasters tells the waiter that the guest would not drink another beer more.
- Square coasters - with rounded corners - are well suited for the construction of multi-storey houses of cards and are also often misused as postcards.
- Postal companies carry an address provided coasters when they are prepaid as a large letter.