Bhupen Hazarika ( Assamese: ভূপেন হাজৰিকা, Bhupen Hājarikā; born September 8, 1926 in Sadiya, Assam, † November 5, 2011 in Mumbai, Maharashtra ) was an Indian poet, composer, singer, actor, film director and journalist author.
Apart from Assamese he worked mainly in the languages Bengali and Hindi. He was one of the pioneers of Assamese film, and was considered one of the most creative artists of the Indian Northeast.
Bhupen Hazarika made his first film appearance as a child actor in Jyotiprasad Agarwalas Indramalati ( 1939). After graduating from Banaras Hindu University in 1946, he and Agarwala, Bishnu Rabha and Phani Sarma, the first Provincial Committee of the Indian People 's Theatre Association ( IPTA ) in Assam. With the song Mahatmer Mahaprayam 1948 he published his first vocal recording. As a songwriter and performer for Rabha and Sarma film Siraj (1948 ) began his work for the Assamese film. Then he went to a post-graduate studies in the U.S., where it inspired the singer Paul Robeson. 1952 closed Hazarika there with a doctorate from Columbia University with a thesis on the role of mass communication in the Indian adult education from. After his return to India Hazarika taught until 1955 at the Gauhati University. Since then he has worked exclusively in the film and music industry.
Hazarikas Era Bator Sur directorial debut (1955 ) is about the love of a scientist and a young flute player at the same woman. The film relies heavily on the cultural traditions of the workers in tea plantations of Assam and their folk music. Hazarika pursued already with this film its goal the establishment of the Assamese film within the Indian film industry by moving both the actor Balraj Sahni and singer Lata Mangeshkar to participate. His films are known for their popular music and the use of renowned singer; in Shakuntala (1961 ) sang Khagan Mahato, in Pratidhwandi (1964 ) Talat Mahmood and Chik Mik Bijuli (1969 ) Asha Bhosle, Kishore Kumar and Mukesh. Hazarikas own musical engagement beyond the film music was the preservation of the cultural identity of its home region to the destination. He strove for the performance of folk and religious music and toured in 1960 with the group of Hemango by Biswas affected by political uprisings areas of Assam. In the role of a cultural ambassador for his country, he participated in conferences on music, performing arts and film in all parts of the world as a delegate. He joined in 1972 and 1973 at the Festival of Political Song in East Germany and was there his songs before the liberation of Bangladesh.
1976 Mera Dharam Meri Maa turned Hazarika in Hindi - the first color feature film production of the newly founded state of Arunachal Pradesh. Starting in 1982, took over his partner and former assistant Kalpana Lajmi Hazarikas career management and involved him in particular in the 1980s and 1990s on their television and film productions. On behalf of the Ministry of Information in Delhi in 1997, he produced the 18teilige documentation Glimpses of the Misty East on the development of the Indian North East in 50 years of state independence. Hazarika had previously met several times with documentaries on musical and other cultural traditions of the region in appearance.
Bhupen Hazarika wrote columns for the magazine " Amar Pratinidhi " ( 1963-80 ) and was from 1964 to 1967 the art magazine " Gati " out. He published several volumes of essays, short stories and collections of his songs. In 1993 he was president of the Assamese writer Assembly.
As an independent candidate Hazarika was from 1967 to 1972 Member of the Regional Parliament in Assam.
Bhupen Hazarika has been honored with numerous awards of the Indian central and regional governments for his musical, cinematic and other cultural contributions.