" Bierut Decrees " is a coined by representatives of the German expellees name for the Polish decrees, regulations and laws, in the context of the expulsion of the population 1945/1946 from the former German provinces of East Prussia, Pomerania, Silesia, East Brandenburg and the German minority from the territory of Poland in the old borders before 1 September 1939. these decrees were adopted by the Polish government in the period from 1945 to 1946.
They were named - probably based on the Czech Beneš decrees - by Bolesław Bierut, the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party ( PZPR ). Circulated the term for a long time only in the displaced Press, the name was later adopted by newspapers. In the history of science, the term is, however, not common.
In the " Bierut Decrees " is to distinguish between those provisions which concerned the former German eastern territories, and those in which it came to the expulsion of members of the German minority in " Altpolen ".
Provisions for the expulsion of the German minority
Decree and law " on the exclusion of hostile elements from the Polish national community " of 1945 and the Decree of 13 September 1946 on the " exclusion of persons of German nationality from the Polish national community " concerned the German minority in " Altpolen ". This expulsion and expropriation of the German part of the population were adopted legally.
Provisions for the expulsion of the German Empire
Since the inhabitants of the former German territories had never been Polish citizens, there was no need for a Ausbürgerungsgesetz. The " Law of 6 May 1945 on the abandoned and derelict property " and the "Decree of 8 March 1946 on the abandoned and formerly German assets ", which concerned the incorporated eastern regions of Germany, went from the fiction of the assets is of " leave " the former population, or have been " abandoned ", but meant de facto expropriation of the local displaced population. The Expulsion of the " German Reich " as such took place after Friebe (2004 ), however, without legal basis.
Decrees in detail
- Decree of the Council of Ministers of 28 February 1945, the exclusion of hostile elements from the Polish national community.
- Act of May 6, 1945, the exclusion of hostile elements from the Polish national community.
- Act of May 6, 1945, the abandoned and derelict property.
- Law of January 3, 1946 concerning the acquisition of the basic branches of the national economy in the ownership of the state.
- Decree of 8 March 1946 on the abandoned and formerly German assets.
- Regulation of the Minister of the reclaimed areas of 24 March 1946 on the implementation of detection of the former German movable property.
- Decree of 13 September 1946 on the " exclusion of persons of German nationality from the Polish national community "