Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference is one of the oldest leagues of university sport in the United States. The member universities are located in the Midwestern United States, between Iowa and Minnesota in the west to Pennsylvania in the east. The conference is part of the Division IA of the National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA). The universities are also part of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, one of the leading academic consortia. Despite the name of the conference is the conference of twelve universities, since 1993, the Penn State and in 2011 the University of Nebraska- Lincoln have joined. 2014, the conference with the inclusion of the University of Maryland, College Park and Rutgers University will be expanded to 14 members.
11 of the 12 members of the Big Ten Conference are simultaneously in the Association of American Universities member ( the exception is the University of Nebraska- Lincoln), a prestigious collection of 61 research institutions. The League is also a leader among all sports conferences in the sum, which is issued annually by the member institutions for scientific research.
Competitions are held in this league in the following sports: baseball, basketball, hockey, cross country running, football, golf, gymnastics, hockey, athletics, rowing, soccer, softball, swimming and Diving, Tennis, Volleyball ( women only ) and wrestling.
On January 11, 1895, seven university presidents met from the Midwest in the Palmer House Hotel in Chicago to discuss the regulation and control of the interuniversity sport. Under the leadership of James H. Smart, president of Purdue University, they agreed upon the foundations of the established next year, " Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives ," better known as the Big Ten Conference.
In 1895 a plan for the control and management of the college athlete was designed by appointed representatives from the faculty. The first known act of the President limited the selection of athletes to full-time students who were not negligent in their studies. This should fix the then existing problem of participation of professional athletes and non- students at sporting events in the universities.
The Big Ten Conference was launched in 1896 as the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives to life. The founding members were still six participating universities today as well as the University of Chicago. For the first time as the "Big Nine" conference in 1899 was named after the accession of Iowa and Indiana, was first described as "Big Ten" came in 1917, when Michigan joined after 9- year absence; Ohio State was added in 1912.
Again the " Big Nine " was the conference with the departure of Chicago in 1946; the University of Chicago in 1939 interrupted his football program and decided after the Second World War to promote the university sports less. To date, Chicago is a member of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation in connection to the Big Ten Conference. In 1950 at Michigan State and helped the Conference back to the name "Big Ten", member list, and (nick ) name now remained for the next 40 years the same. Only in 1987 was the conference that since renamed as " not-for -profit corporation", officially renamed the " Big Ten Conference ", by then she was actually still Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives and was also known as the Western Conference.
When Penn State joined in the early 1990s, it was decided to retain the name of Big Ten; only the logo was changed to document the change: The number 11 was inserted into the white area of the traditionally blue lettering "Big Ten".
After joining the previously independent Penn State, efforts were aimed at involving the University of Notre Dame, the last traditionally independent football size and sent in 1999 a formal invitation. Although the Senate endorsed the candidate, the Board of Trustees voted against, and Notre Dame beat the invitation.
In 2011, Penn State announced its own ice hockey team, which initially played in the 2012/13 season in an independent organization. However, this made a restructuring of the Hockey -conference system the NCAA necessary because now six members of the Big Ten featured an ice hockey team, with six was considered a limit for the formation of a new Conference. Thus, the Central Collegiate Hockey Association was disbanded for the season 2013/14, from Michigan State University, the University of Michigan and Ohio State University in the Big Ten went over. The University of Minnesota and the University of Wisconsin -Madison ( also from the Western Collegiate Hockey Association reorgansierten ) and the Penn State complete the six teams in the new conference.