Bikaner (Hindi: बीकानेर, Bīkāner ) is a city in the northern Indian state of Rajasthan with a population of about 650,000 ( 2011 census ).
Rao Bikaji, a posthumous and thus not heiress son of the ruler of Jodhpur from the clan of the Rathor Rajput, founded the location on the edge of the Thar desert city, the capital of the state of Bikaner was founded in 1488. It consisted at first only of a simple Lehmfestung. Built and expanded Raja Singh was not until the late 16th century ( 1571-1611 ) and its successor the today still existing City Palace, Junagarh embellished fort built of yellow marble with delicate lacquer work, mirror and glass inlays and murals, is the Fort today is one of the best preserved Rajput palaces.
Built 1898-1902 by Sir Swinton Jacob for Maharaja Ganga Singh in indoorientalistischen style The Lallgarh Palace, is now used as a hotel.
Bikaner wool exported, mainly to Jaipur, and quartz for glass recovery to Belgium. A special glass industry could not yet be established. In addition, the tourism is a growing source of income. Southeast of the city is the only state camel farm in Asia, whose animals are now used primarily in parades.