Boat building

With boat building is called the manufacture of boats by boat builders in general. Materials used in modern boat building are FRP ( fiber reinforced plastic ), wood, steel and aluminum. Boats are manufactured in single, small series or serial construction. Serves mainly the leisure sector, as well as commercial ( cargo and passenger shipping, commercial fishing ) and the public sector ( government vehicles ). In some companies, among other things alien molds and parts from the materials used are produced, from which also specializations result. Some yards use this as a financial foothold.

For Boat Building is one of the service at the boat, the maintenance of the boat itself ( hull, construction, rigging ) and all installed equipment ( gas, plumbing, engine, electrics ), transportation, winter storage and winterizing, fitted technical, electrical and sanitary facilities, repair, restoration, interior design and construction. Often stores are bound to shipyards for example sailing accessories, fittings, sailing clothing and electronics are sold where.


The history of boat building probably dates to the Paleolithic ( 120000-60000 BC), exact details are not yet known. The forerunner of today's boats are drawn from hollowed-out tree trunks, as they are still produced in Borneo and Papua New Guinea to the part of the natives. Of the dugouts probably the later timber ships developed by increasing the board edge. Already the Egyptian and later especially the Chinese culture built large, impressive ships for trade and transport. The Chinese Admiral Zheng He undertook long journeys as early as 1405 in the Pacific and the Indian Ocean.

Large yards came on only at the beginning of the industrial revolution. Steel or aluminum, for the first time were used for the hulls.

The production of pleasure boats is nowadays mainly in large companies and GRP, while the post-war period until the predominant wood is rarely used. Some smaller boat yards have, however (partly with modern construction methods ) specializes in the manufacture and repair of wooden boats.

Known boatyards

  • Abeking & Rasmussen in Lemwerder near Bremen
  • Anker & Jensen Baatbyggeri in Asker (Oslo Fjord, Norway)
  • BBG boat building Berlin ( rowing boat ) in Berlin
  • Shipyard Empacher ( for rowing boats ) in Eberbach (Baden)
  • Shipyard by Bjarne Aas in Fredrikstad (Oslo Fjord, Norway)
  • Shipyard by Max Oertz in Hamburg
  • Shipyard of Nathanael Herreshoff in Bristol / Rhode Iceland, USA
  • Colin Archer in Larvik, Norway
  • Knierim Yacht Building GmbH in Kiel
  • Matthiesen & Paulsen and Matthias Paulsen in Arnis
  • Walsteds Baadeværft ( shipyard ) in Svendborg, Denmark