Boiler (steam generator)

A steam generator is a steam boiler or a facility for the generation of steam. In such a plant, water is heated and converted into steam. The steam is then used to drive machinery, for heat and power plants or in the chemical processing industry. Such machines are also called steam consumers. In a steam generator pressure, temperature and amount of steam produced are designed so that they are on the steam consumer, such as a power plant turbine matched. Essential components of a steam generator are:

  • The vaporizer for generating the steam
  • The superheater where the steam is heated to the required temperature to the consumer
  • The feedwater heaters and air heaters in which water and combustion air can be preheated
  • The furnace generating the heat necessary for the consumer with fuels such as coal, oil or gas

In contrast, a hot water boiler is a steam boiler for producing hot water at a temperature above the atmospheric boiling point (T> 100 ° C).


In the lab, you create steam in a steam generator. What is needed is steam, inter alia in the laboratory for the Sogn. Steam distillation, a method of material separation.